هنر

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Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persianهنر(honar).

Noun[edit]

هنر (huner)

  1. science, knowledge
  2. art
  3. skill
  4. talent, merit

References[edit]

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
هنر
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (hwnl), ⁧𐫍𐫇𐫗𐫡(hwnr /⁠hunar⁠/, virtue, ability, skill), from Old Persian 𐎢𐎺𐎴𐎼 (ʰuvnara, talent, capability), from Proto-Iranian *hu-nara, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁su- (good) + *h₂nḗr (man; power, force, vital energy). Cognate with Old Armenian հնար (hnar, means, way) (from Iranian), Avestan𐬵𐬎𐬥𐬀𐬭𐬀⁩ m (hunara, skill, strength), Sanskrit सूनर (sū-nára, possessing vital strength, mighty, prosperous, beautiful).

Compare also formally identical formations in other Indo-European languages: Old Irish so-nirt, so-nairt (strong), Welsh hy-nerth (mighty), Ancient Greek εὐ-ήνωρ (eu-ḗnōr, manly).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? hunar
Dari reading? hunar
Iranian reading? honar
Tajik reading? hunar
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ær

Noun[edit]

Dari هنر
Iranian Persian
Tajik ҳунар

هنر (honar) (pluralهنرها(honar-hâ))

  1. art
    هنرهای تجسمی⁩ ― honar-hâ-ye tajasomivisual arts
    هنرهای زیبا⁩ ― honar-hâ-ye zibâfine arts
  2. (archaic) craft, ability, art
    Synonyms:صنعت(san'at), ⁧فن(fann)
  3. (archaic) knowledge, wisdom
    Synonyms:دانش(dâneš), ⁧علم('elm)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “հնար”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 104b
  • Template:R:pal:Boyce
  • Horn, Paul (1893) Grundriss der neupersischen Etymologie (in German), Strasbourg: K.J. Trübner, § 1108, pages 247–248
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 181
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “hunar”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 44
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1976) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 493
  • Nyberg, H. S. (1974) A Manual of Pahlavi, Part II: Glossary, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, page 102b
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 891
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 765
  • Edelʹman, D. I. (2015) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume 5, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, page 479