करुणा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit करुणा (karuṇā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /kə.ɾʊ.ɳɑː/, [kɐ.ɾʊ.ɳäː]

Noun[edit]

करुणा (karuṇāf (Urdu spellingکرنا⁩)

  1. compassion, pity, kindness, mercy
    महात्मा गाँधी प्रेम और करुणा के प्रतिरूप थे।
    mahātmā gāndhī prem aur karuṇā ke pratirūp the.
    Mahatma Gandhi was a model of love and compassion.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit करुणा (karuṇā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

करुणा (karuṇāf

  1. compassion, kindness
    Synonym: दया (dayā)

Declension[edit]

Declension of करुणा (fem ā-stem)
direct
singular
करुणा
karuṇā
direct
plural
करुणा
karuṇā
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
nominative
प्रथमा
करुणा
karuṇā
करुणा
karuṇā
oblique
सामान्यरूप
करुणे
karuṇe
करुणां-
karuṇān-
acc. / dative
द्वितीया / चतुर्थी
करुणेला
karuṇelā
करुणांना
karuṇānnā
ergative करुणेने, करुणेनं
karuṇene, karuṇena
करुणांनी
karuṇānnī
instrumental करुणेशी
karuṇeśī
करुणांशी
karuṇānśī
locative
सप्तमी
करुणेत
karuṇet
करुणांत
karuṇāt
vocative
संबोधन
करुणे
karuṇe
करुणांनो
karuṇānno
Oblique Note: The oblique case precedes all postpositions.
There is no space between the stem and the postposition.
Locative Note: -त (-ta) is a postposition.
Genitive declension of करुणा (fem ā-stem)
masculine object
पुल्लिंगी कर्म
feminine object
स्त्रीलिंगी कर्म
neuter object
नपुसकलिंगी कर्म
oblique
सामान्यरूप
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular*
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular subject
एकवचनी कर्ता
करुणेचा
karuṇeċā
करुणेचे
karuṇeċe
करुणेची
karuṇecī
करुणेच्या
karuṇecā
करुणेचे, करुणेचं
karuṇeċe, karuṇeċa
करुणेची
karuṇecī
करुणेच्या
karuṇecā
plural subject
अनेकवचनी कर्ता
करुणांचा
karuṇānċā
करुणांचे
karuṇānċe
करुणांची
karuṇāñcī
करुणांच्या
karuṇāncā
करुणांचे, करुणांचं
karuṇānċe, karuṇānċa
करुणांची
karuṇāñcī
करुणांच्या
karuṇāñcā
* Note: Word-final (e) in neuter words is alternatively written with the anusvara and pronounced as (a).
Oblique Note: For most postpostions, the oblique genitive can be optionally inserted between the stem and the postposition.

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “करुणा”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

करुणा (karuṇā) stemf

  1. pity, compassion

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of करुणा (karuṇā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative करुणा
karuṇā
करुणे
karuṇe
करुणाः
karuṇāḥ
Vocative करुणे
karuṇe
करुणे
karuṇe
करुणाः
karuṇāḥ
Accusative करुणाम्
karuṇām
करुणे
karuṇe
करुणाः
karuṇāḥ
Instrumental करुणया / करुणा¹
karuṇayā / karuṇā¹
करुणाभ्याम्
karuṇābhyām
करुणाभिः
karuṇābhiḥ
Dative करुणायै
karuṇāyai
करुणाभ्याम्
karuṇābhyām
करुणाभ्यः
karuṇābhyaḥ
Ablative करुणायाः
karuṇāyāḥ
करुणाभ्याम्
karuṇābhyām
करुणाभ्यः
karuṇābhyaḥ
Genitive करुणायाः
karuṇāyāḥ
करुणयोः
karuṇayoḥ
करुणानाम्
karuṇānām
Locative करुणायाम्
karuṇāyām
करुणयोः
karuṇayoḥ
करुणासु
karuṇāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Borrowed terms

References[edit]