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केतु (ketúm

  1. bright appearance, clearness, brightness
  2. (in the plural) rays of light
  3. lamp, flame, torch
  4. day-time
  5. apparition, form, shape
  6. sign, mark, ensign, flag, banner
  7. chief, leader, eminent person
  8. intellect, judgement, discernment
  9. any unusual or striking phenomenon, comet, meteor, falling star
  10. Ketu: the dragon's tail or descending node (considered in astronomy as the 9th planet, and in mythology as the body of the demon Saiṃhikeya which was severed from the head or Rahu by Vishnu at the churning of the ocean, but was rendered immortal by having tasted the amṛta)
  11. "a pigmy race" compare गण (-gaṇa)
  12. disease
  13. enemy
  14. name of a son of Agni (author of RV. x, 156)
  15. used with the patronymic वाज्य (vājya)
  16. name of a दानव (dānava)
  17. name of a son (of ऋषभ (ṛṣabha) BhP. v, 4, 10; of the 4th Manu, viii, 1, 27)


Masculine u-stem declension of केतु
Nom. sg. केतुः (ketuḥ)
Gen. sg. केतोः (ketoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative केतुः (ketuḥ) केतू (ketū) केतवः (ketavaḥ)
Vocative केतो (keto) केतू (ketū) केतवः (ketavaḥ)
Accusative केतुम् (ketum) केतू (ketū) केतून् (ketūn)
Instrumental केतुना (ketunā) केतुभ्याम् (ketubhyām) केतुभिः (ketubhiḥ)
Dative केतवे (ketave) केतुभ्याम् (ketubhyām) केतुभ्यः (ketubhyaḥ)
Ablative केतोः (ketoḥ) केतुभ्याम् (ketubhyām) केतुभ्यः (ketubhyaḥ)
Genitive केतोः (ketoḥ) केत्वोः (ketvoḥ) केतूनाम् (ketūnām)
Locative केतौ (ketau) केत्वोः (ketvoḥ) केतुषु (ketuṣu)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0309