केतु

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *kaytúṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kaytúš, from Proto-Indo-European *key-tús, from *key- (bright, burning), whence also चित्र (citrá). Cognate with Old Norse hárr (grey), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍃 (hais, torch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

केतु (ketúm

  1. lamp, flame, torch
  2. bright appearance, clearness, brightness
  3. (in the plural) rays of light
  4. day-time
  5. apparition, form, shape
  6. sign, mark, ensign, flag, banner
  7. any unusual or striking phenomenon, comet, meteor, falling star
  8. Ketu: the dragon's tail or descending node (considered in astronomy as the 9th planet, and in mythology as the body of the demon Saiṃhikeya which was severed from the head or Rahu by Vishnu at the churning of the ocean, but was rendered immortal by having tasted the अमृत (amṛ́ta))

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of केतु (ketú)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative केतुः
ketúḥ
केतू
ketū́
केतवः
ketávaḥ
Vocative केतो
kéto
केतू
kétū
केतवः
kétavaḥ
Accusative केतुम्
ketúm
केतू
ketū́
केतून्
ketū́n
Instrumental केतुना / केत्वा¹
ketúnā / ketvā̀¹
केतुभ्याम्
ketúbhyām
केतुभिः
ketúbhiḥ
Dative केतवे / केत्वे²
ketáve / ketvè²
केतुभ्याम्
ketúbhyām
केतुभ्यः
ketúbhyaḥ
Ablative केतोः / केत्वः²
ketóḥ / ketvàḥ²
केतुभ्याम्
ketúbhyām
केतुभ्यः
ketúbhyaḥ
Genitive केतोः / केत्वः²
ketóḥ / ketvàḥ²
केत्वोः
ketvóḥ
केतूनाम्
ketūnā́m
Locative केतौ
ketaú
केत्वोः
ketvóḥ
केतुषु
ketúṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]