नदी

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See also: नाद and नींद

Bhojpuri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit नदी (nadī). Doublet of नद्दी (naddī).

Noun[edit]

नदी (nadīf (Kaithi 𑂢𑂠𑂲)

  1. river

Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi
नदी

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit नदी (nadī́).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /nə.d̪iː/, [n̪ə.d̪iː]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

नदी (nadīf (Urdu spelling ندی‎)

  1. (geography) river
    बहुत देर के बाद, नदी समुद्र में गिर जाती है।
    bahut der ke bād, nadī samudra mẽ gir jātī hai.
    After a long time, the river falls into the sea.
    Synonyms: सरिता (saritā), दरिया (dariyā), नदिया (nadiyā), सरि (sari)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Platts, John T. (1884), “नदी”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co.

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit नदी (nadī́).

Noun[edit]

नदी (nadīf

  1. river

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “नदी”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit नदी (nadī́).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

नदी (nadī)

  1. (geography) (large) river

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

नदी f

  1. Devanagari script form of nadī “river”

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *nadíH (river), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ned-ih₂, from *ned- (thundering, roaring, rushing) +‎ *-íh₂. Cognate with Younger Avestan 𐬀𐬥𐬀𐬌𐬜𐬍𐬨(anaiδīm, across a river). Possibly related to Ancient Greek Νέδα (Néda, name of a river), Middle Low German Nette (name of a river).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

नदी (nadī́f

  1. flowing water, river
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 5.55.7:
      न पर्वता न नद्यो वरन्त वो यत्राचिध्वं मरुतो गच्छथेदु तत् ।
      na parvatā na nadyo varanta vo yatrācidhvaṃ maruto gacchathedu tat .
      Neither the mountains nor the rivers keep you back: whither ye have resolved thither ye, Maruts, go.
  2. (poetry) name of 2 kinds of metre
  3. (linguistics) name of particular feminine stems ending in -ī or -ū (as in नदी (nadī) itself)

Declension[edit]

Feminine ī-stem declension of नदी (nadī́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नदी
nadī́
नद्यौ / नदी¹
nadyaù / nadī́¹
नद्यः / नदीः¹
nadyàḥ / nadī́ḥ¹
Vocative नदि
nádi
नद्यौ / नदी¹
nádyau / nadī́¹
नद्यः / नदीः¹
nádyaḥ / nádīḥ¹
Accusative नदीम्
nadī́m
नद्यौ / नदी¹
nadyaù / nadī́¹
नदीः
nadī́ḥ
Instrumental नद्या
nadyā̀
नदीभ्याम्
nadī́bhyām
नदीभिः
nadī́bhiḥ
Dative नद्यै
nadyaì
नदीभ्याम्
nadī́bhyām
नदीभ्यः
nadī́bhyaḥ
Ablative नद्याः
nadyā̀ḥ
नदीभ्याम्
nadī́bhyām
नदीभ्यः
nadī́bhyaḥ
Genitive नद्याः
nadyā̀ḥ
नद्योः
nadyòḥ
नदीनाम्
nadī́nām
Locative नद्याम्
nadyā̀m
नद्योः
nadyòḥ
नदीषु
nadī́ṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]