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From Proto-Indo-Aryan *wáytti, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *wáytˢti, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to know; see). Cognate with Latin videō, Ancient Greek εἴδω (eídō), Old English witan (whence English wit), Old Church Slavonic вѣдѣти (věděti).


  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ʋɐ́jt̪.t̪i/, [ʋɐ́jt̪̚.t̪i]
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈʋeːt̪.t̪i/, [ˈʋeːt̪̚.t̪i]
  • Verb[edit]

    वेत्ति (vétti) (root विद्, class 2, type parasmaipada)

    1. (with accusative, in older language also with genitive) to know, understand, perceive, learn, become or be acquainted with, be conscious of, have a correct notion of (RV. etc.)
      (with infinitive) — to know how to
      विद्धि यथाviddhi yathāknow that
      विद्यात्vidyātone should know / it should be understood
      य एवं वेदya evaṃ vedawho knows thus / who has this knowledge
    2. (usually in third-person plural, or with accusative and nominative with इति (iti)) to know, regard, consider as, take for, declare to be, call (Up., Mn., MBh. etc.)
      तं स्थविरं विदुःtaṃ sthaviraṃ viduḥthey consider or call him aged
      राजर्षिरिति मां विदुःrājarṣir iti māṃ viduḥthey consider me a rājarṣi
    3. (with genitive or accusative) to mind, notice, observe, remember (RV., ŚBr., MBh.)
    4. (with accusative or genitive) to experience, feel (RV. etc.)
    5. (with accusative) to wish to know, inquire about (RV., AV., Br.)
    6. (in causative) to make known, announce, report, tell (ŚBr. etc.)
      → causative वेदयते (vedáyate), rarely वेदयति (vedáyati), aorist अवीविदत् (avīvidat), passive वेद्यते (vedyate)
    7. to teach, explain (ŚāṅkhŚr.)
    8. (with two accusatives) to recognize or regard as, take for (MBh., Kāv.)
    9. to feel, experience (ŚBr., Mn.)
    10. (in desiderative, with accusative) to wish to know or learn, inquire about (ŚBr. etc.)
      → desiderative of causative विवेदयिषु (vivedayiṣu), desiderative विविदिषति (vividiṣati) or विवित्सति (vivitsati), intensive वेविद्यते (vevidyate), वेवेत्ति (vevetti)


    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0963

    Further reading[edit]