शब्द

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit शब्द (śabda). Doublet of साद (sād).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शब्द (śabdm (Urdu spelling شبد)

  1. word, term
    यह शब्द हिन्दी में काफी प्रयुक्त होता है
    yah śabd hindī mẽ kāphī prayukt hotā hai.
    This word is used a lot in Hindi.
    Synonyms: बोल (bol), लफ़्ज़ (lafz)
  2. sound
    झरनों का धीमा शब्द जंगल में गूँजता।
    jharnõ kā dhīmā śabd jaṅgal mẽ gū̃jtā.
    The soft sound of springs echoes through the forest.
    Synonym: ध्वनि (dhvani)

Declension[edit]

Declension of शब्द
Singular Plural
Direct शब्द (śabd) शब्द (śabd)
Oblique शब्द (śabd) शब्दों (śabdõ)
Vocative शब्द (śabd) शब्दो (śabdo)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “शब्द”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शब्द (śabda).

Noun[edit]

शब्द (śabdm

  1. word
  2. sound

References[edit]

  • Maxine Berntsen (1982-1983), “शब्द”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies
  • James Thomas Molesworth (1857), “शब्द”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Shridhar Ganesh Vaze (1911), “शब्द”, in The Aryabhusan School Dictionary, Poona: Arya-Bhushan Press

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from शपति (śapati, to curse; swear).

Noun[edit]

शब्द (śábdam

  1. sound, noise, voice, tone, note
  2. a word
  3. speech, language
  4. the right word, correct expression
  5. the sacred syllable Om
  6. (grammar) a declinable word or a word-termination, affix
  7. a name, appellation, title
  8. a technical term
  9. verbal communication or testimony, oral tradition, verbal authority or evidence

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शब्द
Nom. sg. शब्दः (śabdaḥ)
Gen. sg. शब्दस्य (śabdasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शब्दः (śabdaḥ) शब्दौ (śabdau) शब्दाः (śabdāḥ)
Vocative शब्द (śabda) शब्दौ (śabdau) शब्दाः (śabdāḥ)
Accusative शब्दम् (śabdam) शब्दौ (śabdau) शब्दान् (śabdān)
Instrumental शब्देन (śabdena) शब्दाभ्याम् (śabdābhyām) शब्दैः (śabdaiḥ)
Dative शब्दाय (śabdāya) शब्दाभ्याम् (śabdābhyām) शब्देभ्यः (śabdebhyaḥ)
Ablative शब्दात् (śabdāt) शब्दाभ्याम् (śabdābhyām) शब्देभ्यः (śabdebhyaḥ)
Genitive शब्दस्य (śabdasya) शब्दयोः (śabdayoḥ) शब्दानाम् (śabdānām)
Locative शब्दे (śabde) शब्दयोः (śabdayoḥ) शब्देषु (śabdeṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899), “शब्द”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 1052.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1976) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 296