शब्द

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit शब्द (śábda).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शब्द (śabdm (Urdu spelling شبد)

  1. word, term
    यह शब्द हिन्दी में काफी प्रयुक्त होता है
    yah śabd hindī mẽ kāphī prayukt hotā hai.
    This word is used a lot in Hindi.
  2. sound
    झरनों का धीमा शब्द जंगल में गूँजता।
    jharnõ kā dhīmā śabd jaṅgal mẽ gū̃jtā.
    The soft sound of springs echoes through the forest.

Declension[edit]

Declension of शब्द
dir. sg. शब्द (śabd)
dir. pl. शब्द (śabd)
singular plural
direct शब्द (śabd) शब्द (śabd)
oblique शब्द (śabd) शब्दों (śabdõ)
vocative शब्द (śabd) शब्दो (śabdo)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “शब्द”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from शपति (śapati, to curse; swear).

Noun[edit]

शब्द (śábdam

  1. sound, noise, voice, tone, note
  2. a word
  3. speech, language
  4. the right word, correct expression
  5. the sacred syllable Om
  6. (grammar) a declinable word or a word-termination, affix
  7. a name, appellation, title
  8. a technical term
  9. verbal communication or testimony, oral tradition, verbal authority or evidence

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शब्द
Nom. sg. शब्दः (śabdaḥ)
Gen. sg. शब्दस्य (śabdasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शब्दः (śabdaḥ) शब्दौ (śabdau) शब्दाः (śabdāḥ)
Vocative शब्द (śabda) शब्दौ (śabdau) शब्दाः (śabdāḥ)
Accusative शब्दम् (śabdam) शब्दौ (śabdau) शब्दान् (śabdān)
Instrumental शब्देन (śabdena) शब्दाभ्याम् (śabdābhyām) शब्दैः (śabdaiḥ)
Dative शब्दाय (śabdāya) शब्दाभ्याम् (śabdābhyām) शब्देभ्यः (śabdebhyaḥ)
Ablative शब्दात् (śabdāt) शब्दाभ्याम् (śabdābhyām) शब्देभ्यः (śabdebhyaḥ)
Genitive शब्दस्य (śabdasya) शब्दयोः (śabdayoḥ) शब्दानाम् (śabdānām)
Locative शब्दे (śabde) शब्दयोः (śabdayoḥ) शब्देषु (śabdeṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1052
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1976) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 296