शब्द

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शब्द (śabda). Doublet of साद (sād).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʃəbd̪/

Noun[edit]

शब्द (śabdm (Urdu spelling شبد‎)

  1. word, term
    इस शब्द का हिन्दी में काफ़ी प्रयोग होता है।
    is śabd kā hindī mẽ kāfī prayog hotā hai.
    This word is used a lot in Hindi.
    Synonyms: बोल (bol), लफ़्ज़ (lafz)
  2. sound
    झरनों का धीमा शब्द जंगल में गूँजता।
    jharnõ kā dhīmā śabd jaṅgal mẽ gūñjtā.
    The soft sound of springs echoes through the forest.
    Synonym: ध्वनि (dhvani)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev, “शब्द”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons, 1989

Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शब्द (śabda).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शब्द (śabdam

  1. word
  2. sound

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “शब्द”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas, “शब्द”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press, 1857.
  • Shridhar Ganesh Vaze (1911) , “शब्द”, in The Aryabhusan School Dictionary, Poona: Arya-Bhushan Press

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From शप् (śap, to curse; swear) +‎ -द (-da).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शब्द (śábdam

  1. sound, noise, voice, tone, note
  2. a word

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शब्द (śábda)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शब्दः
śábdaḥ
शब्दौ
śábdau
शब्दाः / शब्दासः¹
śábdāḥ / śábdāsaḥ¹
Vocative शब्द
śábda
शब्दौ
śábdau
शब्दाः / शब्दासः¹
śábdāḥ / śábdāsaḥ¹
Accusative शब्दम्
śábdam
शब्दौ
śábdau
शब्दान्
śábdān
Instrumental शब्देन
śábdena
शब्दाभ्याम्
śábdābhyām
शब्दैः / शब्देभिः¹
śábdaiḥ / śábdebhiḥ¹
Dative शब्दाय
śábdāya
शब्दाभ्याम्
śábdābhyām
शब्देभ्यः
śábdebhyaḥ
Ablative शब्दात्
śábdāt
शब्दाभ्याम्
śábdābhyām
शब्देभ्यः
śábdebhyaḥ
Genitive शब्दस्य
śábdasya
शब्दयोः
śábdayoḥ
शब्दानाम्
śábdānām
Locative शब्दे
śábde
शब्दयोः
śábdayoḥ
शब्देषु
śábdeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899) , “शब्द”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 1052.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1976) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 296