शब्द

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit शब्द ‎(śábda).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शब्द ‎(śabdm ‎(Urdu spelling شبد)

  1. word, term
    यह शब्द हिन्दी में काफी प्रयुक्त होता है
    Yeh śabd Hindi mẽ kāphī prayukt hotā hai.
    This word is used a lot in Hindi.
  2. sound
    झरनों का धीमा शब्द जंगल में गूँजता।
    The soft sound of springs echoes through the forest.

Declension[edit]

Declension of शब्द
singular plural
direct शब्द ‎(śabd) शब्द ‎(śabd)
oblique शब्द ‎(śabd) शब्दों ‎(śabdõ)
vocative शब्द ‎(śabd) शब्दो ‎(śabdo)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “शब्द”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from शपति ‎(śapati, to curse; swear).

Noun[edit]

शब्द ‎(śábdam

  1. sound, noise, voice, tone, note
  2. a word
  3. speech, language
  4. the right word, correct expression
  5. the sacred syllable Om
  6. (grammar) a declinable word or a word-termination, affix
  7. a name, appellation, title
  8. a technical term
  9. verbal communication or testimony, oral tradition, verbal authority or evidence

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शब्द
Nom. sg. शब्दः ‎(śabdaḥ)
Gen. sg. शब्दस्य ‎(śabdasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शब्दः ‎(śabdaḥ) शब्दौ ‎(śabdau) शब्दाः ‎(śabdāḥ)
Vocative शब्द ‎(śabda) शब्दौ ‎(śabdau) शब्दाः ‎(śabdāḥ)
Accusative शब्दम् ‎(śabdam) शब्दौ ‎(śabdau) शब्दान् ‎(śabdān)
Instrumental शब्देन ‎(śabdena) शब्दाभ्याम् ‎(śabdābhyām) शब्दैः ‎(śabdaiḥ)
Dative शब्दाय ‎(śabdāya) शब्दाभ्याम् ‎(śabdābhyām) शब्देभ्यः ‎(śabdebhyaḥ)
Ablative शब्दात् ‎(śabdāt) शब्दाभ्याम् ‎(śabdābhyām) शब्देभ्यः ‎(śabdebhyaḥ)
Genitive शब्दस्य ‎(śabdasya) शब्दयोः ‎(śabdayoḥ) शब्दानाम् ‎(śabdānām)
Locative शब्दे ‎(śabde) शब्दयोः ‎(śabdayoḥ) शब्देषु ‎(śabdeṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1052
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1976) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 296