श्रम

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See also: शर्म

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit श्रम (śrama).

Noun[edit]

श्रम (śramm

  1. labour, work

Derived terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From श्रम् (śram, to be or become weary or tired, be tired of doing anything)

Noun[edit]

श्रम (śrámam

  1. fatigue, weariness, exhaustion (RV.)
  2. exertion, labour, toil, exercise, effort either bodily or mental, hard work of any kind (as in performing acts of bodily mortification, religious exercises and austerity, pains or trouble bestowed on (locative or compound) (AV. etc.)
    śramaṃ-√kṛ — to work hard at one's studies
  3. military exercise, drill (W.)
  4. name of a son of Āpa (Hariv.)
  5. name of a son of Vasudeva (BhP.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of श्रम
Nom. sg. श्रमः (śramaḥ)
Gen. sg. श्रमस्य (śramasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमः (śramaḥ) श्रमौ (śramau) श्रमाः (śramāḥ)
Vocative श्रम (śrama) श्रमौ (śramau) श्रमाः (śramāḥ)
Accusative श्रमम् (śramam) श्रमौ (śramau) श्रमान् (śramān)
Instrumental श्रमेण (śrameṇa) श्रमाभ्याम् (śramābhyām) श्रमैः (śramaiḥ)
Dative श्रमाय (śramāya) श्रमाभ्याम् (śramābhyām) श्रमेभ्यः (śramebhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमात् (śramāt) श्रमाभ्याम् (śramābhyām) श्रमेभ्यः (śramebhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमस्य (śramasya) श्रमयोः (śramayoḥ) श्रमाणाम् (śramāṇām)
Locative श्रमे (śrame) श्रमयोः (śramayoḥ) श्रमेषु (śrameṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]