श्रमण

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Sanskrit[edit]

Adjective[edit]

श्रमण ‎(śramaṇá)

  1. making effort or exertion, toiling, labouring, (esp.) following a toilsome or menial business (W.)
  2. base, vile, bad (ib.)
  3. naked (L.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of श्रमण
Nom. sg. श्रमणः ‎(śramaṇaḥ)
Gen. sg. श्रमणस्य ‎(śramaṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमणः ‎(śramaṇaḥ) श्रमणौ ‎(śramaṇau) श्रमणाः ‎(śramaṇāḥ)
Vocative श्रमण ‎(śramaṇa) श्रमणौ ‎(śramaṇau) श्रमणाः ‎(śramaṇāḥ)
Accusative श्रमणम् ‎(śramaṇam) श्रमणौ ‎(śramaṇau) श्रमणान् ‎(śramaṇān)
Instrumental श्रमणेन ‎(śramaṇena) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणैः ‎(śramaṇaiḥ)
Dative श्रमणाय ‎(śramaṇāya) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः ‎(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमणात् ‎(śramaṇāt) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः ‎(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमणस्य ‎(śramaṇasya) श्रमणयोः ‎(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणानाम् ‎(śramaṇānām)
Locative श्रमणे ‎(śramaṇe) श्रमणयोः ‎(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणेषु ‎(śramaṇeṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of श्रमण
Nom. sg. श्रमणा ‎(śramaṇā)
Gen. sg. श्रमणायाः ‎(śramaṇāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमणा ‎(śramaṇā) श्रमणे ‎(śramaṇe) श्रमणाः ‎(śramaṇāḥ)
Vocative श्रमणे ‎(śramaṇe) श्रमणे ‎(śramaṇe) श्रमणाः ‎(śramaṇāḥ)
Accusative श्रमणाम् ‎(śramaṇām) श्रमणे ‎(śramaṇe) श्रमणाः ‎(śramaṇāḥ)
Instrumental श्रमणया ‎(śramaṇayā) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणाभिः ‎(śramaṇābhiḥ)
Dative श्रमणायै ‎(śramaṇāyai) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणाभ्यः ‎(śramaṇābhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमणायाः ‎(śramaṇāyāḥ) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणाभ्यः ‎(śramaṇābhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमणायाः ‎(śramaṇāyāḥ) श्रमणयोः ‎(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणानाम् ‎(śramaṇānām)
Locative श्रमणायाम् ‎(śramaṇāyām) श्रमणयोः ‎(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणासु ‎(śramaṇāsu)
Feminine ī-stem declension of श्रमण
Nom. sg. श्रमणी ‎(śramaṇī)
Gen. sg. श्रमण्याः ‎(śramaṇyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमणी ‎(śramaṇī) श्रमण्यौ ‎(śramaṇyau) श्रमण्यः ‎(śramaṇyaḥ)
Vocative श्रमणि ‎(śramaṇi) श्रमण्यौ ‎(śramaṇyau) श्रमण्यः ‎(śramaṇyaḥ)
Accusative श्रमणीम् ‎(śramaṇīm) श्रमण्यौ ‎(śramaṇyau) श्रमणीः ‎(śramaṇīḥ)
Instrumental श्रमण्या ‎(śramaṇyā) श्रमणीभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇībhyām) श्रमणीभिः ‎(śramaṇībhiḥ)
Dative श्रमण्यै ‎(śramaṇyai) श्रमणीभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇībhyām) श्रमणीभ्यः ‎(śramaṇībhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमण्याः ‎(śramaṇyāḥ) श्रमणीभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇībhyām) श्रमणीभ्यः ‎(śramaṇībhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमण्याः ‎(śramaṇyāḥ) श्रमण्योः ‎(śramaṇyoḥ) श्रमणीनाम् ‎(śramaṇīnām)
Locative श्रमण्याम् ‎(śramaṇyām) श्रमण्योः ‎(śramaṇyoḥ) श्रमणीषु ‎(śramaṇīṣu)
Neuter a-stem declension of श्रमण
Nom. sg. श्रमणम् ‎(śramaṇam)
Gen. sg. श्रमणस्य ‎(śramaṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमणम् ‎(śramaṇam) श्रमणे ‎(śramaṇe) श्रमणानि ‎(śramaṇāni)
Vocative श्रमण ‎(śramaṇa) श्रमणे ‎(śramaṇe) श्रमणानि ‎(śramaṇāni)
Accusative श्रमणम् ‎(śramaṇam) श्रमणे ‎(śramaṇe) श्रमणानि ‎(śramaṇāni)
Instrumental श्रमणेन ‎(śramaṇena) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणैः ‎(śramaṇaiḥ)
Dative श्रमणा ‎(śramaṇā) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः ‎(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमणात् ‎(śramaṇāt) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः ‎(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमणस्य ‎(śramaṇasya) श्रमणयोः ‎(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणानाम् ‎(śramaṇānām)
Locative श्रमणे ‎(śramaṇe) श्रमणयोः ‎(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणेषु ‎(śramaṇeṣu)

Noun[edit]

श्रमण ‎(śramaṇám

  1. one who performs acts of mortification or austerity, an ascetic, monk, devotee, religious mendicant (ŚBr. etc.)
  2. a Buddhist monk or mendicant (also applied to Buddha himself compare MWB. 23etc. ; also applied to a Jain ascetic now commonly called yati) (MBh., R. etc.)
  3. name of a serpent-demon (Buddh.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of श्रमण
Nom. sg. श्रमणः ‎(śramaṇaḥ)
Gen. sg. श्रमणस्य ‎(śramaṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमणः ‎(śramaṇaḥ) श्रमणौ ‎(śramaṇau) श्रमणाः ‎(śramaṇāḥ)
Vocative श्रमण ‎(śramaṇa) श्रमणौ ‎(śramaṇau) श्रमणाः ‎(śramaṇāḥ)
Accusative श्रमणम् ‎(śramaṇam) श्रमणौ ‎(śramaṇau) श्रमणान् ‎(śramaṇān)
Instrumental श्रमणेन ‎(śramaṇena) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणैः ‎(śramaṇaiḥ)
Dative श्रमणाय ‎(śramaṇāya) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः ‎(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमणात् ‎(śramaṇāt) श्रमणाभ्याम् ‎(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः ‎(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमणस्य ‎(śramaṇasya) श्रमणयोः ‎(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणानाम् ‎(śramaṇānām)
Locative श्रमणे ‎(śramaṇe) श्रमणयोः ‎(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणेषु ‎(śramaṇeṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1096