श्रमण

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Sanskrit[edit]

Adjective[edit]

श्रमण ‎(śramaṇá)

  1. making effort or exertion, toiling, labouring, (esp.) following a toilsome or menial business (W.)
  2. base, vile, bad (ib.)
  3. naked (L.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of श्रमण
Nom. sg. श्रमणः(śramaṇaḥ)
Gen. sg. श्रमणस्य(śramaṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमणः(śramaṇaḥ) श्रमणौ(śramaṇau) श्रमणाः(śramaṇāḥ)
Vocative श्रमण(śramaṇa) श्रमणौ(śramaṇau) श्रमणाः(śramaṇāḥ)
Accusative श्रमणम्(śramaṇam) श्रमणौ(śramaṇau) श्रमणान्(śramaṇān)
Instrumental श्रमणेन(śramaṇena) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणैः(śramaṇaiḥ)
Dative श्रमणाय(śramaṇāya) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमणात्(śramaṇāt) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमणस्य(śramaṇasya) श्रमणयोः(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणानाम्(śramaṇānām)
Locative श्रमणे(śramaṇe) श्रमणयोः(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणेषु(śramaṇeṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of श्रमण
Nom. sg. श्रमणा(śramaṇā)
Gen. sg. श्रमणायाः(śramaṇāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमणा(śramaṇā) श्रमणे(śramaṇe) श्रमणाः(śramaṇāḥ)
Vocative श्रमणे(śramaṇe) श्रमणे(śramaṇe) श्रमणाः(śramaṇāḥ)
Accusative श्रमणाम्(śramaṇām) श्रमणे(śramaṇe) श्रमणाः(śramaṇāḥ)
Instrumental श्रमणया(śramaṇayā) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणाभिः(śramaṇābhiḥ)
Dative श्रमणायै(śramaṇāyai) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणाभ्यः(śramaṇābhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमणायाः(śramaṇāyāḥ) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणाभ्यः(śramaṇābhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमणायाः(śramaṇāyāḥ) श्रमणयोः(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणानाम्(śramaṇānām)
Locative श्रमणायाम्(śramaṇāyām) श्रमणयोः(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणासु(śramaṇāsu)
Feminine ī-stem declension of श्रमण
Nom. sg. श्रमणी(śramaṇī)
Gen. sg. श्रमण्याः(śramaṇyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमणी(śramaṇī) श्रमण्यौ(śramaṇyau) श्रमण्यः(śramaṇyaḥ)
Vocative श्रमणि(śramaṇi) श्रमण्यौ(śramaṇyau) श्रमण्यः(śramaṇyaḥ)
Accusative श्रमणीम्(śramaṇīm) श्रमण्यौ(śramaṇyau) श्रमणीः(śramaṇīḥ)
Instrumental श्रमण्या(śramaṇyā) श्रमणीभ्याम्(śramaṇībhyām) श्रमणीभिः(śramaṇībhiḥ)
Dative श्रमण्यै(śramaṇyai) श्रमणीभ्याम्(śramaṇībhyām) श्रमणीभ्यः(śramaṇībhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमण्याः(śramaṇyāḥ) श्रमणीभ्याम्(śramaṇībhyām) श्रमणीभ्यः(śramaṇībhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमण्याः(śramaṇyāḥ) श्रमण्योः(śramaṇyoḥ) श्रमणीनाम्(śramaṇīnām)
Locative श्रमण्याम्(śramaṇyām) श्रमण्योः(śramaṇyoḥ) श्रमणीषु(śramaṇīṣu)
Neuter a-stem declension of श्रमण
Nom. sg. श्रमणम्(śramaṇam)
Gen. sg. श्रमणस्य(śramaṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमणम्(śramaṇam) श्रमणे(śramaṇe) श्रमणानि(śramaṇāni)
Vocative श्रमण(śramaṇa) श्रमणे(śramaṇe) श्रमणानि(śramaṇāni)
Accusative श्रमणम्(śramaṇam) श्रमणे(śramaṇe) श्रमणानि(śramaṇāni)
Instrumental श्रमणेन(śramaṇena) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणैः(śramaṇaiḥ)
Dative श्रमणा(śramaṇā) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमणात्(śramaṇāt) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमणस्य(śramaṇasya) श्रमणयोः(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणानाम्(śramaṇānām)
Locative श्रमणे(śramaṇe) श्रमणयोः(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणेषु(śramaṇeṣu)

Noun[edit]

श्रमण ‎(śramaṇám

  1. one who performs acts of mortification or austerity, an ascetic, monk, devotee, religious mendicant (ŚBr. etc.)
  2. a Buddhist monk or mendicant (also applied to Buddha himself compare MWB. 23etc. ; also applied to a Jain ascetic now commonly called yati) (MBh., R. etc.)
  3. name of a serpent-demon (Buddh.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of श्रमण
Nom. sg. श्रमणः(śramaṇaḥ)
Gen. sg. श्रमणस्य(śramaṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रमणः(śramaṇaḥ) श्रमणौ(śramaṇau) श्रमणाः(śramaṇāḥ)
Vocative श्रमण(śramaṇa) श्रमणौ(śramaṇau) श्रमणाः(śramaṇāḥ)
Accusative श्रमणम्(śramaṇam) श्रमणौ(śramaṇau) श्रमणान्(śramaṇān)
Instrumental श्रमणेन(śramaṇena) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणैः(śramaṇaiḥ)
Dative श्रमणाय(śramaṇāya) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रमणात्(śramaṇāt) श्रमणाभ्याम्(śramaṇābhyām) श्रमणेभ्यः(śramaṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रमणस्य(śramaṇasya) श्रमणयोः(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणानाम्(śramaṇānām)
Locative श्रमणे(śramaṇe) श्रमणयोः(śramaṇayoḥ) श्रमणेषु(śramaṇeṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1096