พิษณุโลก

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Thai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Alternative forms

Etymology[edit]

From พิษณุ (Viṣṇu, Hindu god) +‎ โลก (lôok, world); literally "Viṣṇu's world". Compare Old Khmer viṣṇuloka; Modern Khmer ពិស្ណុលោក (pɨhnolook); Sanskrit विष्णुलोक (viṣṇuloka).

The last sense was first used in 2006 BE (1463/64 CE) when King Borommatrailokkanat of Ayutthaya moved his court from Ayutthaya to this town and renamed the town to suit his royal dignity, because Ayutthayan monarchs, influenced by the cult of divine monarchy, believed themselves to be incarnations of the Hindu god Viṣṇu. Prior to the renaming, the town was known as ชัยนาท (chai-nâat, literally resounding victory).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicพิษณุโลก
b i ʂ ɳ u o l k
Phonemic
พิด-สะ-นุ-โลก
b i ɗ – s a – n u – o l k
RomanizationPaiboonpít-sà-nú-lôok
Royal Institutephit-sa-nu-lok
(standard) IPA(key)/pʰit̚˦˥.sa˨˩.nu˦˥.loːk̚˥˩/(R)

Proper noun[edit]

พิษณุโลก (pít-sà-nú-lôok)

  1. (historical) (พระ~) Angkor Wat, the largest temple complex in Cambodia.
  2. (historical) (พระ~) the posthumous name of Suryavarman II, a monarch of the Khmer Empire.
  3. (จังหวัด~, archaically พระ~) Phitsanulok, a town, now a province, in northern Thailand.

Synonyms[edit]

Angkor Wat
Phitsanulok

References[edit]

  1. ^ Royal Institute of Thailand. (2010). Kotmāi trā sām dūang: phrathamnūn chabap rātchabandittayasathān กฎหมายตราสามดวง: พระทำนูน ฉบับราชบัณฑิตยสถาน. Bangkok: Royal Institute of Thailand. →ISBN. p. 117.