จังหวัด

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Khmer ចង្វាត៑ (caṅvāt), ចង្វាត្ត៑ (caṅvātt), ចង្វត៑ (caṅvat), ចង្វត្ត៑ (caṅvatt), ចំវត្ត៑ (caṃvatt), ចន្វត៑ (canvat, bounded terrain; bounded territory; circumscription), from ឆ្វាត៑ or ឆ្វត៑ (whence ฉวัด in Thai ฉวัดเฉวียน (chà-wàt-chà-wǐian) is from). Cognate with modern Khmer ចង្វាត (cɑngviət).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicจังหวัด
t͡ɕ ạ ŋ h w ạ ɗ
Phonemic
จัง-หฺวัด
t͡ɕ ạ ŋ – h ̥ w ạ ɗ
RomanizationPaiboonjang-wàt
Royal Institutechang-wat
(standard) IPA(key)/t͡ɕaŋ˧.wat̚˨˩/(R)

Noun[edit]

จังหวัด (jang-wàt) (classifier จังหวัด or แห่ง)

  1. (archaic) area; region; district; locality; territory.
  2. (Thailand)
    1. province: highest administrative division of Thailand, governed by ผู้ว่าราชการ (pûu-wâa-râat-chá-gaan), divided into อำเภอ (am-pəə, districts), กิ่งอำเภอ (minor districts), and ตำบล (dtam-bon, subdistrict), respectively.
    2. (judiciary) province: a type of area subject to the territorial jurisdiction of a ศาลจังหวัด (provincial court).
  3. similar administrative division, as department in France, prefecture in Japan, voivodeship in Poland, etc.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Descendants[edit]

  • Lao: ຈັງຫວັດ (chang wat)