จังหวัด

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Khmer caṅvāt, caṅvātt, caṅvat, caṅvatt, caṃvatt, canvat (bounded terrain; bounded territory; circumscription). Cognate with Modern Khmer ចង្វាត (cɑngviət).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicจังหวัด
t͡ɕ ạ ŋ h w ạ ɗ
Phonemicจัง-หฺวัด
t͡ɕ ạ ŋ – h ̥ w ạ ɗ
RomanizationPaiboonjang-wàt
Royal Institutechang-wat
(standard) IPA(key)/t͡ɕaŋ˧.wat̚˨˩/

Noun[edit]

จังหวัด (jang-wàt) (classifier จังหวัด or แห่ง)

  1. (archaic) area; region; district; locality; territory.
  2. (government)
    1. (Thailand government) province: highest administrative division of Thailand, governed by ผู้ว่าราชการ (pûu-wâa-râat-chá-gaan), divided into อำเภอ (am-pəə, districts), กิ่งอำเภอ (minor districts), and ตำบล (dtam-bon, subdistrict), respectively.
    2. similar administrative division, as department in France, prefecture in Japan, voivodeship in Poland, etc.
    3. used as a title for such division.
  3. (Thailand judiciary) province: judicial district subject to the jurisdiction of ศาลจังหวัด (provincial court).

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms