ძმა

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Georgian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ძამა, from ძამან. Compare Svan ჯგმილ, Mingrelian ჯიმა, Laz ჯუმა. According to Georgian linguists, at first it was ძამან, then was omitted from the word. Because of the Svan and Mingrelian forms, linguists believed that this word also had a stem vowel, which should be since the Laz-Mingrelian vowel corresponds to Georgian . Also, see ძამ-ა and ძამ-იკო where the vowel has not dropped out. So the stem was ძამ. Also, ჯიმა and ჯუმა (Mingrelian-Laz forms) have as their plural forms ჯიმ-ალ-ეფ and ჯუმ-ალ-ეფ, but the Mingrelian-Laz suffix for pluralization is -ეფ. So in the plural forms of ჯიმა and ჯუმა, the consonant is restored, which originally must had been in the singular.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ძმა (jma) (plural ძმები)

  1. brother

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]