შვილი

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Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Georgian შვილი ‎(švili), from Proto-Georgian-Zan *šw-il-, from Proto-Kartvelian *šew-, *šw-; see below for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃvili/
  • Hyphenation: შვი‧ლი

Noun[edit]

შვილი ‎(švili) ‎(plural შვილები)

  1. child
  2. animal's offspring
  3. (figuratively) child (one born in, or considered a product of the culture of, a place)

Inflection[edit]

.Georgian.inflection-table tr:hover
{
        background-color:#EBEBEB;
}

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]


Old Georgian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Georgian-Zan *šw-il-, derived from Proto-Kartvelian verbal stem *šw-, *šew- ‎(to give birth) (whence also შობა ‎(šoba), შვა ‎(šva), პირმშო ‎(ṗirmšo), ნაშობი ‎(našobi)) by adding the participate affix *-il, hence, it can be viewed as a past participle of შობა ‎(šoba). In some dialectal forms, the ‎(v) has evolved into ‎(u), yielding შუილი ‎(šuili). The Zan forms regularly correspond to Georgian, although the original ‎(v) there is lost and an irregular change k < has taken place.

Noun[edit]

შვილი ‎(švili)

  1. child, son, daughter
  2. local, resident, inhabitant

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • penrixi (Fähnrich), hainc; sarǯvelaʒe, zurab (2000) kartvelur enata eṭimologiuri leksiḳoni [Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Tbilisi Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani State University Press, page 548
  • Fähnrich, Heinz (2007) Kartwelisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch [Kartvelian Etymological Dictionary] (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.18) (in German), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 525
  • Klimov, Georgij A. (1998) Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 16), New York, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, page 251
  • abulaʒe, ilia (1973), “შვილი”, in ʒveli kartuli enis leksiḳoni (masalebi) [Dictionary of Old Georgian (Materials)] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Metsniereba, page 500
  • orbeliani, sulxan-saba (1685–1716), iordanišvili s., editor, siṭq̇vis ḳona kartuli, romel ars leksiḳoni [The Wisp of Georgian Words That Beeth a Dictionary], Tbilisi: Georgian SSR print, published 1949, page 416