შვილი

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Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Georgian შვილი (švili), from Proto-Georgian-Zan *šw-il-, from Proto-Kartvelian *šew-, *šw-; see below for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃvili/
  • Hyphenation: შვი‧ლი

Noun[edit]

შვილი (švili) (plural შვილები)

  1. child
  2. animal's offspring
  3. (figuratively) child (one born in, or considered a product of the culture of, a place)

Inflection[edit]

.Georgian.inflection-table tr:hover
{
        background-color:#EBEBEB;
}

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]


Old Georgian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Georgian-Zan *šw-il-, derived from Proto-Kartvelian verbal stem *šw-, *šew- (to give birth) (whence also შობა (šoba), შვა (šva), პირმშო (ṗirmšo), ნაშობი (našobi)) by adding the participate affix *-il, hence, it can be viewed as a past participle of შობა (šoba). In some dialectal forms, the (v) has evolved into (u), yielding შუილი (šuili). The Zan forms regularly correspond to Georgian, although the original (v) there is lost and an irregular change k < has taken place.

Noun[edit]

შვილი (švili)

  1. child, son, daughter
  2. local, resident, inhabitant

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • penrixi (Fähnrich), hainc; sarǯvelaʒe, zurab (2000) kartvelur enata eṭimologiuri leksiḳoni [Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Tbilisi Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani State University Press, page 548
  • Fähnrich, Heinz (2007) Kartwelisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch [Kartvelian Etymological Dictionary] (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.18) (in German), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 525
  • Klimov, Georgij A. (1998) Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 16), New York, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, page 251
  • abulaʒe, ilia (1973), “შვილი”, in ʒveli kartuli enis leksiḳoni (masalebi) [Dictionary of Old Georgian (Materials)] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Metsniereba, page 500
  • orbeliani, sulxan-saba (1685–1716), iordanišvili s., editor, siṭq̇vis ḳona kartuli, romel ars leksiḳoni [The Wisp of Georgian Words That Beeth a Dictionary], Tbilisi: Georgian SSR print, published 1949, page 416