ἐλελίζω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

May be from Proto-Indo-European *leyg- (jump, whirl), with cognates including Sanskrit रेजति (rejati), Lithuanian láigyti, Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌺𐌰𐌽 (laikan), and Old English lāc. Could also be from a *ἐϝελ- (*ewel-) / *ϝεϝελ- (*wewel-). Beekes suggests it might be both.

Verb[edit]

ἐλελῐ́ζω (elelízō)

  1. I whirl around, turn around
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 5.314
      περὶ δὲ σχεδίην ἐλέλιξε
      and around it whirled his raft
    1. (middle, passive) I move in coils
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.316
        τὴν δ᾽ ἐλελιξάμενος πτέρυγος λάβεν ἀμφιαχυῖαν.
        however he coiled himself and caught her by the wing as she screamed about him
  2. (Homeric, of an army) I cause to turn, I rally
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 17.274
      μάλα γάρ σφεας ὦκ᾽ ἐλέλιξεν Αἴας
      for speedily did Aias rally them
  3. I cause to vibrate
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.530
      μέγαν δ᾽ ἐλέλιξεν Ὄλυμπον.
      and he made great Olympus quake.
    • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Pythian Ode 1.4
      ἁγησιχόρων ὁπόταν προοιμίων ἀμβολὰς τεύχῃς ἐλελιζομένα.
      whenever, with your quivering strings, you prepare to strike up chorus-leading preludes.
Inflection[edit]


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Etymology 2[edit]

From ἐλελεῦ (eleleû, cry of pain, war cry) +‎ -ῐ́ζω (-ízō).

Verb[edit]

ἐλελῐ́ζω (elelízō)

  1. I cry ἐλελεῦ (eleleû), I raise a loud cry
    • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 1.8.18
      καὶ ἅμα ἐφθέγξαντο πάντες οἷον τῷ Ἐνυαλίῳ ἐλελίζουσι
      at the same moment they all set up the war-cry which they raise to Enyalius
    • 412 BCE, Euripides, Helen 1111
      ἀηδόνα δακρυόεσσαν, / ἔλθ᾽ ὦ διὰ ξουθᾶν / γενύων ἐλελιζομένα
      tearful nightingale, oh, come, trilling, singing, through your throat
Inflection[edit]


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