ἐπιλαμβάνω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἐπῐ́ ‎(epí, upon) +‎ λαμβᾰ́νω ‎(lambánō, I take, receive).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ἐπῐλαμβᾰ́νω ‎(epilambánō)

  1. I take or get besides
    • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Politics 1259.a.28
      ἀλλ᾽ ὅμως ἐπὶ τοῖς πεντήκοντα ταλάντοις ἐπέλαβεν ἑκατόν
      but all the same he took a hundred talents besides his capital of fifty
    1. I take, receive
  2. I lay hold of, seize, attack
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 8.115.3
      ἐπιλαβὼν δὲ λοιμός τε τὸν στρατὸν καὶ δυσεντερίη κατ᾽ ὁδὸν ἔφθειρε.
      Moreover, pestilence and dysentry laid hold of them among their way, from which they died.
    1. (of events) I overtake, surprise; I befall
    2. I reach
      • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 6.5.6
        ἔθαπτον τὸν αὐτὸν τρόπον ὁπόσους ἐπελάμβανεν ἡ στρατιά
        and then in the same way they buried all that the army reached
    3. I seize, stop
    4. I occupy
      • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Laws 779.c
        καὶ ὅπως ἰδιώτης μηδεὶς μηδὲν τῶν τῆς πόλεως [...] ἐπιλήψεται
        and prevent any private person from encroaching on State property [...]
    5. (with genitive) I undertake
    6. (intransitive) I succeed, follow
  3. (middle, with genitive) I hold on by, lay hold of, catch at
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 6.113.2
      καὶ ἐπελαμβάνοντο τῶν νεῶν
      and [they] laid hold of the [Persian] ships
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 6.114
      ἐπιλαμβανόμενος τῶν ἀφλάστων νεός, τὴν χεῖρα ἀποκοπεὶς πελέκεϊ πίπτει
      his hand cut off with an ax as he held on by the ship's figurehead
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 6.91.2
      ἐπιλαμβανόμενος δὲ τῶν ἐπισπαστήρων εἴχετο
      he laid hold of the door handles and clung to them
    1. I attack
      • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Hellenica 4.2.22
        ἐπελάβοντο δὲ καὶ Κορινθίων ἀναχωρούντων.
        The Lacedaemonians also attacked the Corinthians as they were returning.
    2. I arrest, seize
      • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Demosthenes, Against Apatourius 9
        ὁ Παρμένων ἐξαγομένων τῶν παίδων ἐπιλαμβάνεται
        Parmeno [...] seized the slaves as they were being taken away
    3. I get hold of, obtain
      • 484 BCE – 425 BCE, Herodotus, 1 127.1
        μέν νυν προστάτεω ἐπιλαβόμενοι ἄσμενοὶ ἐλευθεροῦντο
        and now having got a champion they were glad to win their freedom
    4. I reach (a place)
      • 46 CE – 120 CE, Plutarch, Mark Antony 41
        ἐκέλευε φεύγειν ἐν δεξιᾷ τῶν ὀρῶν ἐπιλαβόμενον
        and urged him in his flight to keep close to the hills upon his right
    5. I touch on
      • 380 BCE, Plato, The Republic 449.d
        ἐπειδὴ ἄλλης ἐπιλαμβάνῃ πολιτείας
        since you are beginning on another constitution
    6. I interrupt
      1. I object to
        • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Hellenica 2.1.32
          ὅτι μόνος ἐπελάβετο ἐν τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ [...] ψηφίσματος
          because he was the one man who in the Athenian assembly had opposed the decree [...]

Inflection[edit]

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