泥鰌

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Japanese[edit]

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泥鰌 (dojō): a pond loach
Kanji in this term
Grade: S Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Historical sources from the Muromachi period spell this in kanji as 土長, and in historical kana as どぢやう (dodyau). Spellings such as どぜう (dozeu) were apparently later innovations.[1][2]

Theories suggest that the name may refer to the fish's apparent ability to thrive in muddy conditions. The modern kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

泥鰌 (hiragana どじょう, katakana ドジョウ, rōmaji dojō, historical hiragana どぢやう, historical katakana ドヂヤウ)

  1. Misgurnus anguillicaudatus: the pond loach, weather loach, or weatherfish

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ドジョウ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]