窪む

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
くぼ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Verb derived from noun / ‎(kubo, an indentation, a depression) + verbalizing suffix ‎(bu, becoming like [noun]),[1] with suffix ‎(bu) mutating to ‎(mu) due to the preceding syllable ‎(bo).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

窪む ‎(intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana くぼむ, romaji kubomu)

  1. to become hollow, cave in, sink in

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The transitive form is 窪める / 凹める ‎(kubomeru). Consequently, the potential form is the same as the passive form, くぼまれる ‎(kubomareru), instead of くぼめる ‎(kubomeru) as shown incorrectly in the table above.

The spelling 窪む is used more often for くぼむ, because the alternate spelling 凹む can also be read as へこむ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9