窪む

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
くぼ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Verb derived from noun / (kubo, an indentation, a depression) + verbalizing suffix (bu, becoming like [noun]),[1] with suffix (bu) mutating to (mu) due to the preceding syllable (bo).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

窪む (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana くぼむ, rōmaji kubomu)

  1. to become hollow, cave in, sink in

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The transitive form is 窪める / 凹める (kubomeru). Consequently, the potential form is the same as the passive form, くぼまれる (kubomareru), instead of くぼめる (kubomeru) as shown incorrectly in the table above.

The spelling 窪む is used more often for くぼむ, because the alternate spelling 凹む can also be read as へこむ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9