馬鈴薯

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Chinese[edit]

horse; horse chess piece; Surname (small) bell potato; yam
trad. (馬鈴薯)
simp. (马铃薯)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

馬鈴薯

  1. potato

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
れい
Grade: S
しょ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Origin unclear. Attributed to noted Edo-period botanist and scholar of Chinese medicine Ono Ranzan (see Wikipedia:ja:小野蘭山) in the late 1700s. May be from Sinitic 馬鈴薯, or may be a Japanese coinage later borrowed into Chinese.

According to one theory, this word is a compound of ‎(ba, horse) +‎ ‎(rei, bell) +‎ ‎(sho, potato), from the way the potato looks a bit like the bells used in the tack for stage horses. In another theory, 馬鈴 ‎(barei) is an example of ateji for Malay, since potatoes were introduced to Japan via the Dutch East Indies.

Noun[edit]

馬鈴薯 ‎(hiragana ばれいしょ, romaji bareisho)

  1. potato (Solanum tuberosum)

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]