馬鈴薯

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See also: 马铃薯

Chinese[edit]

bell tied to a horse potato; yam
trad. (馬鈴薯) 馬鈴
simp. (马铃薯) 马铃

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

馬鈴薯

  1. potato

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 馬鈴薯 (“potato”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 馬鈴薯
Taxonomic name 馬鈴薯
Mandarin Beijing 土豆兒
Taiwan 馬鈴薯洋芋
Tianjin 山藥
Harbin 土豆兒土豆子地豆兒地豆子山豆兒
Jinan 地蛋土豆兒
Muping 地蛋子地豆子
Jiedian 洋芋子土豆
Xi'an 洋芋
Xining 洋芋洋芋蛋蛋
Xuzhou 土豆兒土豆子地豆子
Yinchuan 山芋山芋蛋
Ürümqi 洋芋
Wuhan 洋苕洋芋
Chengdu 洋芋
Guiyang 洋芋
Liuzhou 馬鈴薯荷蘭薯
Yangzhou 洋山芋
Nanjing 洋山芋土豆兒
Hefei 馬鈴薯洋山芋
Nantong 洋番芋
Malaysia 馬鈴薯
Singapore 馬鈴薯
Cantonese Guangzhou 薯仔荷蘭薯
Hong Kong 薯仔
Dongguan 薯仔荷蘭薯
Taishan 薯仔
Yangjiang 馬鈴薯
Gan Nanchang 洋芋頭
Lichuan 土豆
Pingxiang 洋芋仔
Hakka Meixian 馬鈴薯荷蘭薯
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 馬鈴薯
Liudui (S. Sixian) 馬鈴薯
Hsinchu (Hailu) 馬鈴薯
Dongshi (Dabu) 馬鈴薯
Zhuolan (Raoping) 馬鈴薯
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 馬鈴薯
Huizhou Jixi 洋芋洋芋頭
Jin Taiyuan 山藥蛋
Xinzhou 山藥蛋山藥
Min Bei Jian'ou 馬鈴薯洋芋
Min Dong Fuzhou 番囝薯
Min Nan Xiamen 番仔番薯
Quanzhou 番仔番薯
Zhangzhou 番仔番薯
Taipei 馬鈴薯
Kaohsiung 馬鈴薯
Tainan 馬鈴薯
Taichung 馬鈴薯
Hsinchu 馬鈴薯
Lukang 馬鈴薯
Sanxia 馬鈴薯
Yilan 馬鈴薯
Kinmen 蕳砃蕳砃薯
Magong 馬鈴薯
Penang 蕳砃薯
Singapore 蕳砃
Chaozhou 馬鈴薯荷蘭薯
Haikou 荷蘭薯
Pinghua Nanning 馬鈴薯
Wu Shanghai 洋山芋
Suzhou 洋芋艿洋山芋洋山薯
Hangzhou 洋番薯
Wenzhou 番人芋楊梅芋洋番薯洋芋
Chongming 洋芋艿
Danyang 洋山芋
Jinhua 洋芋
Ningbo 洋芋艿洋番薯紅毛番薯
Xiang Changsha 洋芋頭洋芋洋芋子
Shuangfeng 洋芋子
Loudi 洋芋

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
馬鈴薯 (bareisho): a pile of potatoes.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
れい
Grade: S
しょ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Origin unclear. Attributed to noted Edo-period botanist and scholar of Chinese medicine Ono Ranzan (see Wikipedia:ja:小野蘭山) in the late 1700s. May be from Sinitic 馬鈴薯, or may be a Japanese coinage later borrowed into Chinese.

According to one theory, this word is a compound of 馬鈴 (barei, horse bell) +‎ (sho, potato), from the way the potato looks a bit like the bells used in the tack for stage horses.[1] In another theory, 馬鈴 (barei) is an example of ateji for Malay, since potatoes were introduced to Japan via the Dutch East Indies.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

馬鈴薯 (hiragana ばれいしょ, rōmaji bareisho)

  1. potato (Solanum tuberosum)

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9