馬鈴薯

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

horse; horse chess piece; Surname (small) bell potato; yam
trad. (馬鈴薯)
simp. (马铃薯)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

馬鈴薯

  1. potato

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
馬鈴薯 (bareisho): a pile of potatoes.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
れい
Grade: S
しょ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Origin unclear. Attributed to noted Edo-period botanist and scholar of Chinese medicine Ono Ranzan (see Wikipedia:ja:小野蘭山) in the late 1700s. May be from Sinitic 馬鈴薯, or may be a Japanese coinage later borrowed into Chinese.

According to one theory, this word is a compound of 馬鈴 ‎(barei, horse bell) +‎ ‎(sho, potato), from the way the potato looks a bit like the bells used in the tack for stage horses.[1] In another theory, 馬鈴 ‎(barei) is an example of ateji for Malay, since potatoes were introduced to Japan via the Dutch East Indies.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

馬鈴薯 ‎(hiragana ばれいしょ, romaji bareisho)

  1. potato (Solanum tuberosum)

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9