하늘

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Jilin Leishi (雞林類事 / 계림유사), 1103, as Early Middle Korean 漢㮈 (reconstructed *hanól).[1] In the Korean alphabet: First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 하ᄂᆞᆶ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[ha̠nɯɭ]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? haneul
Revised Romanization (translit.)? haneul
McCune–Reischauer? hanŭl
Yale Romanization? hanul

Noun[edit]

하늘 (haneul)

  1. sky
  2. (chiefly Confucianism) heaven
    하늘이 무섭지 않는가?
    Haneuri museopji anneun-ga?
    Do you not fear heaven?
  3. (Christianity) heavenly god
  4. (obsolete) palate

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (ttang, “earth”)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ho-min Sonh (2015), “Middle Korean and Pre-Modern Korean”, in Lucien Brown, Jaehoon Yeon, editors, The Handbook of Korean Linguistics[1], John Wiley & Sons, →ISBN, page 441