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See also: '
- Possessive marker used on plurals that end with -s.
- Possessive marker sometimes used on singular nouns (names) which end in s, indicating than an object belongs to the noun bearing the marker.
- Jesus' disciples
- Chris' cake recipe
- 2014 August 29, Minyvonne Burke, “Robin Williams Death: Actor’s Ghost Haunting Home He Died In, Playing Practical Jokes?”, in HNGN Headlines & Global News:
- Robin Williams’ ghost has apparently stuck around and is haunting the California home the actor died in.
- Traditionally, the possessives of classical and Biblical names ending in s, such as Archimedes and Jesus, were written without a final “s”, i.e. the possessives were formed using bare ': Archimedes’ Principle (the principle of Archimedes), Jesus’ disciples (the disciples of Jesus). This may or may not be be distinguished from -'s in pronunciation; see -'s for more.
- In modern English, this practice may be extended to all names ending in s, i.e. both "Chris' recipe" and "Chris's recipe" may be found:
- ' is to be distinguished from -s': the teachers' faces = the faces of the teachers, plural.
- forms the possessive of words ending in s, x or z
- Used to form the genitive forms of names ending in -s, -ß, -x, -z or (foreign) -ce, similar to English -'. For other names, -s is used.
- Hans', Hoeneß', Felix', Ringelnatz', Joyce'
- Hans', Hoeneß', Felix's, Ringelnatz's, Joyce's
- (now rare) -ens