-ა

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See also: ა-, , and -ა-

Georgian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ა (-a)

  1. sometimes suffixed to a noun in the dative, instrumental, or genitive case for the purpose of euphony to separate a final consonant from the initial consonant of the next word. It may also split a postposition-attached word (see -ა- (-a-)).
Usage notes[edit]

In sentences where a list of two or more nouns are connected in series, with the last noun preceded by the conjunction და (da, and), this suffix is appended to the noun before და (da, and). For example, მან თქვა რომ არ უღალატებდა სამშობლოს ენასა და სარწმუნოებას (he said that he would never betray his country, language and faith).

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffixal contraction of the verb ყოფნა (to be) in the third person singular: არის

Suffix[edit]

-ა (-a)

  1. is; shortened form of არის used as a suffix.
    ის ექიმია
    is ek'imia
    (s)he is a doctor

Etymology 3[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ა (-a)

  1. Forms verbal nouns from verbs.

Etymology 4[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ა (-a)

  1. Expresses having something. For example ცხვირა (c'xvira), where ცხვირ (c’xvir) (c'xvir) is the stem of the word for nose, and with -ა as suffix, means one who has a (large) nose.