時計: difference between revisions

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==Japanese==
 
==Japanese==
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<div style="float:right;">
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{{wikipedia|lang=ja}}
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{{wikipedia|Clock}}
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[[File:BahnhofsuhrZuerich_RZ.jpg|thumb|250px|{{lang|ja|時計}} (''tokei'', ''tokihakari''): a '''{{l|en|clock}}'''.]]
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[[File:MontreGousset001.jpg|thumb|250px|{{lang|ja|時計}} (''tokei'', ''tokihakari''): a pocket '''{{l|en|watch}}'''.]]
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</div>
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===Etymology 1===
 
{{ja-kanjitab|sort=とけい|yomi=irr|とき|けい|k1=と}}
 
{{ja-kanjitab|sort=とけい|yomi=irr|とき|けい|k1=と}}
   
  +
From {{der|ja|ltc|sort=とけい|土圭|tr={{IPAchar|/tʰuo<sup>X</sup> kwei/}}|pos=literally “earth, clay + stack of clay tablets”, a kind of {{l|en|sundial}} used in the {{w|Zhou Dynasty}}}}.<ref name="KDJ">{{R:Kokugo Dai Jiten}}</ref><ref name="DJR">{{R:Daijirin}}</ref><ref name="DJS">{{R:Daijisen}}</ref>
===Etymology===
 
From {{der|ja|sort=とけい|lzh|土圭}}, which is a [[sundial]] used in the [[w:Zhou Dynasty|Zhou Dynasty]]. The kanji are {{juku|sort=とけい}}.
 
   
  +
The {{m|ja|土圭}} spelling is the original form, with the [[漢音#Japanese|kan'on]] reading of ''tokei''. This has been largely superseded by the {{juku|sort=とけい}} spelling {{lang|ja|時計}} in modern writing.
===Alternative forms===
 
* {{ja-l|土圭}}
 
* {{ja-l|斗計}}
 
* {{ja-l|斗鶏}}
 
* {{ja-l|斗影}}
 
* {{ja-l|辰器}}
 
   
===Pronunciation===
+
====Pronunciation====
{{ja-pron|とけい|acc=h|y=i|acc_ref=NHK,DJR}}
+
{{ja-pron|yomi=irr|とけい|acc=0|acc_ref=NHK,DJR}}
   
===Noun===
+
====Alternative forms====
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* {{ja-l|土圭}} {{qualifier|historical}}
{{ja-noun|とけい|ときはかり}}
 
   
  +
====Noun====
# [[clock]], [[watch]], [[timepiece]], [[timekeeper]]
 
  +
{{ja-noun|とけい}}
   
 
# a {{l|en|clock}}, a {{l|en|watch}}, a {{l|en|timepiece}}, a {{l|en|timekeeper}}
====Derived terms====
 
* {{ja-r|腕%時%計|うで%ど%けい|[[watch]]}}
 
* {{ja-r|置き時%計|おきど%けい|desk [[clock]]}}
 
* {{ja-r|掛け時%計|かけど%けい|[[wall clock]]}}
 
* {{ja-r|絡%繰り時%計|から%くりど%けい|[[w:automaton clock|automaton clock]]}}
 
* {{ja-r|原%子%時%計|げん%し%ど%けい|[[atomic clock]]}}
 
* {{ja-r|鳩%時%計|はと%ど%けい|[[cuckoo clock]]}}
 
* {{ja-r|目%覚まし時%計|め%ざましど%けい|[[alarm clock]]}}
 
* {{ja-r|砂%時%計|すな%ど%けい}}
 
* {{ja-r|体%内%時%計|たい%ない%ど%けい}}
 
   
===Descendants===
+
=====Derived terms=====
  +
{{der-top}}
 
* {{ja-r|腕%時%計|うで%ど%けい}}: a {{l|en|wristwatch}}
 
* {{ja-r|置き時%計|おきど%けい}}: a desk {{l|en|clock}}
 
* {{ja-r|掛け時%計|かけど%けい}}: a {{l|en|wall clock}}
 
* {{ja-r|絡%繰り時%計|から%くりど%けい}}: an {{w|automaton clock}}
 
* {{ja-r|原%子%時%計|げん%し%ど%けい}}: an {{l|en|atomic clock}}
 
* {{ja-r|鳩%時%計|はと%ど%けい}}: a {{l|en|cuckoo clock}}
 
* {{ja-r|目%覚まし時%計|め%ざましど%けい}}: an {{l|en|alarm clock}}
 
* {{ja-r|砂%時%計|すな%ど%けい}}: a {{l|en|sand}} {{l|en|clock}}, an {{l|en|hourglass}}
 
* {{ja-r|体%内%時%計|たい%ない%ど%けい}}: a {{l|en|body clock}}, a {{l|en|biological clock}}
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{{der-bottom}}
  +
  +
=====Descendants=====
 
* Chinese: {{zh-l|時計}}
 
* Chinese: {{zh-l|時計}}
 
* Korean: {{ko-l|시계}}
 
* Korean: {{ko-l|시계}}
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  +
===Etymology 2===
  +
{{ja-kanjitab|yomi=k|とき|はか|o2=り}}
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  +
Compound of {{compound|lang=ja|sort=ときはかり|時|tr1=toki|t1=time|計り|tr2=hakari|t2=measuring|pos2=the {{m|ja|連用形|tr=ren'yōkei||continuative or stem form}} of verb {{m|ja|計る}} ''hakaru'', “to measure”}}.<ref name="KDJ">{{R:Kokugo Dai Jiten}}</ref>
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  +
====Pronunciation====
  +
{{ja-pron|yomi=k|ときはかり}}
  +
 
====Alternative forms====
 
* {{ja-l|時計り}}
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  +
====Noun====
 
{{ja-noun|ときはかり}}
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  +
# {{lb|ja|sort=ときはかり|rare|possibly|_|obsolete}} a {{l|en|clock}}, a {{l|en|watch}}, a {{l|en|timepiece}}, a {{l|en|timekeeper}}
  +
 
=====Usage notes=====
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This reading is rare.
   
 
===References===
 
===References===
 
<references />
 
<references />
  +
 
{{catlangcode|ja|Clocks|sort=とけい}}
 
{{catlangcode|ja|Clocks|sort=とけい}}
 
[[Category:Japanese basic words|とけい]]
 
[[Category:Japanese basic words|とけい]]

Revision as of 18:17, 6 January 2017

See also: 时计

Chinese

 
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
 
to calculate; to compute; to count; reckon; ruse; to plan
trad. (時計)
simp. (时计)
anagram 計時计时

Etymology

From Japanese 時計 (tokei) Template:rfv-etymology

Pronunciation


Noun

時計

  1. (literary) clock; timepiece; timekeeper

Derived terms


Japanese

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
時計 (tokei, tokihakari): a clock.
時計 (tokei, tokihakari): a pocket watch.

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
とき > と
Grade: 2
けい
Grade: 2
Irregular

From Middle Chinese 土圭 (/tʰuoX kwei/ invalid IPA characters (X), literally “earth, clay + stack of clay tablets”, a kind of sundial used in the Zhou Dynasty).[1][2][3]

The 土圭 spelling is the original form, with the kan'on reading of tokei. This has been largely superseded by the jukujikun (熟字訓) spelling 時計 in modern writing.

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Noun

時計 (hiragana とけい, rōmaji tokei)

  1. a clock, a watch, a timepiece, a timekeeper
Derived terms
Descendants

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
とき
Grade: 2
はか(り)
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of Lua error in Module:compound/templates at line 63: The |lang= parameter is not used by this template. Place the language code in parameter 1 instead..[1]

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Noun

時計 (hiragana ときはかり, rōmaji tokihakari)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) a clock, a watch, a timepiece, a timekeeper
Usage notes

This reading is rare.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean

Hanja in this term

Noun

時計 (sigye) (hangeul 시계)

  1. Hanja form? of 시계 (timepiece).