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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to do
  2. to make
  3. to build

Derived terms[edit]

  • *kʷr- ‎(zero-grade root present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: kùrti ‎(to do, make, build)
  • *kʷr̥-néw- ~ *kʷr̥-nu- ‎(nu-present)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian:
        • Avestan: [script needed] ‎(kərənaoiti, makes, does)
  • *kʷér-tis
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *kʷér-ōr
    • Ancient Greek: πέλωρ ‎(pélōr, supernatural monster)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: sarkë ‎(to build, frame)
    • Celtic:
      • Old Irish: cruth ‎(form)
      • Welsh: pryd ‎(form, time), paraf ‎(work, shape)
    • Balto-Slavic: *ker-, *kēr-
      • Lithuanian: kẽras ‎(charm, magic), kerė́ti ‎(to enchant, charm, bewitch)
      • Slavic: *čarъ ‎(magic, sorcery), *čara ‎(magic, sorcery)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: करोति ‎(karóti, to do, make, build, perform, execute)
      • Iranian:


  • *yeh₁- ‎(to do, make; act vigorously)
  • *h₂er- ‎(to prepare, make ready)