Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/kʷer-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*kʷer-

  1. to do
  2. to make
  3. to build

Derived terms[edit]


  • *kʷr- ‎(zero-grade root present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: kùrti ‎(to do, make, build)
  • *kʷr̥-néw- ~ *kʷr̥-nu- ‎(nu-present)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian:
        • Avestan: [script needed] ‎(kərənaoiti, makes, does)
  • *kʷér-tis
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *kʷér-ōr
    • Ancient Greek: πέλωρ ‎(pélōr, supernatural monster)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: sarkë ‎(to build, frame)
    • Celtic:
      • Old Irish: cruth ‎(form)
      • Welsh: pryd ‎(form, time), paraf ‎(work, shape)
    • Balto-Slavic: *ker-, *kēr-
      • Lithuanian: kẽras ‎(charm, magic), kerė́ti ‎(to enchant, charm, bewitch)
      • Slavic: *čarъ ‎(magic, sorcery), *čara ‎(magic, sorcery)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: करोति ‎(karóti, to do, make, build, perform, execute)
      • Iranian:

Synonyms[edit]

  • *yeh₁- ‎(to do, make; act vigorously)
  • *h₂er- ‎(to prepare, make ready)

References[edit]