- Until 1995, a province of central Belgium; since divided into Flemish Brabant, Brussels-Capital Region and Walloon Brabant.
- Duchy of Brabant; a historical region, roughly comprising the area of modern Flemish and Walloon Brabant, Brussels, the Belgian province of Antwerp, and the Dutch province of North Brabant.
From Middle Dutch brabant, from Old Dutch *brākbant (attested in Latin as pāgus brācbatensis), a compound of Proto-Germanic *brēk- + *bant-. The latter element is also found in other toponyms such as Oosterbant, Swifterbant and Teisterbant.
- (province of Belgium): Zuid-Brabant (1815-1830, also in the Netherlands to contrast with Noord-Brabant)
- (North Brabant): Noord-Brabant