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From Middle English Lancaster, Loncastre, the name of the Roman fort on the River Lune, from Lune + the Old English suffix ceaster (town), found in many placenames.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈlænkæstə(ɹ)/, /ˈlæŋkəstə(ɹ)/, /ˈlaŋkəstə(ɹ)/[1]
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈlæn.kæs.tɚ/, /ˈlæŋk.ɨ.stɚ/, /ˈlæŋk.ə.stəɹ/

Usage notes[edit]

The second British pronunciation is more historical and becoming less common. The second US pronunciation is the local pronunciation of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. The third US pronunciation is the local pronunciation of Lancaster, Kentucky.

Proper noun[edit]


  1. A habitational surname, from Old English​.
    • 2015, Neil Chakraborti, Jon Garland, Responding to Hate Crime: The Case for Connecting Policy and Research
      Sylvia Lancaster is the founder of the Sophie Lancaster Foundation, a campaigning charitable organisation formed in the wake of her daughter Sophie's tragic murder in 2007.
  2. The House of Lancaster, a dynasty of English kings and one of the opposing factions involved in the 15th century Wars of the Roses. The name comes from the fact that its members were descended from John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster; their symbol was a red rose.
  3. The City of Lancaster, a UK local government district with city status in Lancashire in North West England. Its main settlement is Lancaster, from which it obtained its city status.
  4. A city in Lancashire, in northwest England.
  5. A locality in the Shire of Campaspe and the City of Greater Shepparton, Victoria, Australia.
  6. Several places in Canada:
    1. A small former city in New Brunswick, Canada, amalgamated into Saint John in 1967.
    2. A ghost town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
    3. A community in the township of South Glengarry, in eastern Ontario, Canada.
    4. A small community in the city of St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.
  7. Several places in the United States:
    1. A locality in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States.
    2. A ghost town in Crawford County, Arkansas, United States.
    3. A charter city in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
    4. An unincorporated community in Wabash County, Illinois, United States.
    5. An unincorporated community in Lancaster Township, Huntington County, Indiana, United States.
    6. An unincorporated community in Lancaster Township, Jefferson County, Indiana, United States.
    7. Another name for Patricksburg, an unincorporated community in Marion Township, Owen County, Indiana, United States.
    8. A tiny city in Atchison County, Kansas, United States.
    9. A small city, the county seat of Garrard County, Kentucky, United States.
    10. A town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States.
    11. A tiny city in Kittson County, Minnesota, United States.
    12. A small city, the county seat of Schuyler County, Missouri, United States.
    13. A town, the county seat of Coos County, New Hampshire, United States.
    14. A census-designated place in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States, within the town of the same name.
    15. A town and village in Erie County, New York, United States; suburb of Buffalo.
    16. A city, the county seat of Fairfield County, Ohio, United States.
    17. An unincorporated community in Lane County, Oregon, United States.
    18. A city, the county seat of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States.
    19. A city, the county seat of Lancaster County, South Carolina, United States.
    20. An unincorporated community in Smith County, Tennessee, United States.
    21. A city in Dallas County, Texas, United States.
    22. An unincorporated community, the county seat of Lancaster County, Virginia, United States.
    23. A city, the county seat of Grant County, Wisconsin, United States.
  8. (aircraft) A type of four-engined British bomber aircraft built by Avro during World War 2.

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Roach, Peter; Hartman, James; Setter, Jane et al., eds (2006). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (17th ed.). Cambridge: CUP. →ISBN.

Further reading[edit]