Parfüm

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French parfum, ultimately from Latin per ‎(through) + fumum ‎(fume, smoke).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Parfum (reflecting the pronunciation with a nasal vowel)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /paʁˈfyːm/, /paʁˈfʏm/ (standard)
  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /pɐˈfyːm/, /pɐˈfʏm/ (common, particulary northern and central Germany)
  • IPA(key): /paʁˈfœ̃ː/ (some speakers, approximating French pronunciation)

Noun[edit]

Parfüm n ‎(genitive Parfüms, plural Parfüms or Parfüme)

  1. perfume (generally only in the sense of “odorous substance”, not “pleasant smell”)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The plural Parfüms is more common, but Parfüme is equally acceptable.

Declension[edit]

External links[edit]