Parfüm

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See also: parfum, Parfum, and parfüm
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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French parfum, ultimately from Latin per (through) + fumum (fume, smoke).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Parfum (reflecting the pronunciation with a nasal vowel)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /parˈfyːm/, /paːˈfyːm/ (standard)
  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /parˈfœ̃ː/, /paˈfœŋ/ (especially in areas with historical French presence)
  • IPA(key): /parˈfʏm/, /paːˈfʏm/

Noun[edit]

Parfüm n (genitive Parfüms, plural Parfüms or Parfüme)

  1. perfume (generally only in the sense of “odorous substance”, not “pleasant smell”)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The plural Parfüms is more common, but Parfüme is equally acceptable.

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]