parfum

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Parfum, parfüm, and Parfüm

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French parfum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (General American) /pɑɹˈfum/

Noun[edit]

parfum (uncountable)

  1. (cosmetics) Fragrance; perfume

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used in ingredient lists, etc.

Related terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French parfum, from parfumer.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɑrˈfʏm/, (nonstandard, uncommon) /ˈpɑr.fʏm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: par‧fum
  • Rhymes: -ʏm

Noun[edit]

parfum n (plural parfums, diminutive parfumpje n)

  1. A perfume, a luxury product providing a fragrant scent.
    Essence van rozen en diverse andere bloemen is zeer gegeerd voor natuurlijke parfums.
    Essence of roses and various others flowers is in high demand for natural perfumes.
    Synonyms: reukwerk, parfument
  2. A perfume, a pleasant scent.
    De roos Friesia verspreidt een hemels parfum.
    The rose Friesia gives out a heavenly scent.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: parfuum
  • Indonesian: parfum

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French parfumer (to scent), borrowed from Old Occitan perfumar or another language around the Mediterranean coast, cf. Italian perfumare, themselves from Latin per- (through, thoroughly) + fumāre (to smoke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

parfum m (plural parfums)

  1. perfume (scented toiletry)
  2. scent, desirable smell
  3. flavour, aroma, taste (e.g., of ice cream)
    Le parfum des framboises est rarement naturel.
    Raspberry flavor is rarely natural

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: parfume
  • German: Parfüm (see there for further descendants)

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch parfum, from Middle French parfum, from Latin per- (through, thoroughly) +‎ fumāre (to smoke).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈparfʊm]
  • Hyphenation: par‧fum

Noun[edit]

parfum (plural, first-person possessive parfumku, second-person possessive parfummu, third-person possessive parfumnya)

  1. perfume,
    1. a pleasant smell; the scent, odor, or odoriferous particles emitted from a sweet-smelling substance; a pleasant odor
    2. a substance created to provide a pleasant smell or one which emits an agreeable odor.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French parfum.

Noun[edit]

parfum n (plural parfumuri)

  1. perfume

See also[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

parfȗm m inan

  1. perfume (substance providing a pleasant smell)

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. parfúm
gen. sing. parfúma
singular dual plural
nominative parfúm parfúma parfúmi
accusative parfúm parfúma parfúme
genitive parfúma parfúmov parfúmov
dative parfúmu parfúmoma parfúmom
locative parfúmu parfúmih parfúmih
instrumental parfúmom parfúmoma parfúmi