Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/līwos

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)lih₃-wó-s, from *(s)leh₃y- +‎ *-wós.

Noun[edit]

*līwos m[1][2][3]

  1. colour
Declension[edit]
Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *līwos *līwou *līwoi
vocative *līwe *līwou *līwūs
accusative *līwom *līwou *līwoms
genitive *līwī *līwous *līwom
dative *līwūi *līwobom *līwobos
instrumental *līwū *līwobim *līwobis
Descendants[edit]
  • Proto-Brythonic: *lliw
    • Old Breton: liu, liou
    • Old Cornish: liu
      • Middle Cornish: lyw
    • Old Welsh: liu
  • Old Irish: , líi
  • Gaulish: *lios[4]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *léh₁u-s ~ *l̥h₁w-és, from *leh₁- (stone).[5] Cognate with Albanian lerë (boulder), Ancient Greek λᾶας (lâas, stone), Mycenaean Greek 𐀨𐀁𐀊 (ra-e-ja, stone) and possibly Old Armenian լեառն (leaṙn, mountain).

Noun[edit]

*līwos m

  1. stone
Declension[edit]
Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *līwos *līwou *līwoi
vocative *līwe *līwou *līwūs
accusative *līwom *līwou *līwoms
genitive *līwī *līwous *līwom
dative *līwūi *līwobom *līwobos
instrumental *līwū *līwobim *līwobis
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009), “*liwo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 242
  2. ^ Falileyev, Alexander (2000), “liu”, in Etymological Glossary of Old Welsh (Buchreihe der Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie; 18), Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN, page 105
  3. ^ Koch, John (2004), “*līwo(s)-”, in English–Proto-Celtic Word-list with attested comparanda, University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, pages 68-69
  4. ^ Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “liuo- > lio-”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 3rd edition, Éditions Errance, →ISBN, page 205
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ranko Matasović (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages *līwank-–242
  6. ^ Greimas, A.J. (1969), “lose”, in Dictionnaire de l'ancien francais jusq'uau milieu du XIVe siècle (in French), Paris: Larousse, page 374a
  7. ^ Alibert, Louis (1965), “lausange”, in Dictionnaire occitan - français : d'après les parlers languedociens (in French), Toulouse: Institut d' Etudes occitanes, →ISBN