Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: ?
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *na-(n/t) (Matisoff, STEDT); *na (Benedict, 1972; Weidert, 1987; Michailovsky, 1991); *na (*A) (Coblin, 1986)

See more on Wikipedia: Nat (spirit).



  1. ill, sick
  2. pain
  3. to suffer
  4. evil spirit


  • Old Chinese:
    /*nˁar/ (B-S); /*n̥ʰaːn/ (ZS) ("difficult, hard"), /*nˁar-s/ (B-S); /*naːns/ (ZS) ("hardship, misfortune, disaster")
    /*naːl/ (ZS) ("to expel demons of illness")
    *𤸻 /*naːs/ (ZS) ("sick") (medieval)
    • Middle Chinese: (nɑn, nɑnH), (), 𤸻 (naH, sick)
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (nán), /nan³⁵/; (nàn), /nan⁵¹/; (nuó), /nu̯ɔ³⁵/
  • Kamarupan
    • Kuki-Chin
      • Central Chin
        • Lushai [Mizo]: , nat (ill, sick; illness)
  • Himalayish
  • Jingpho-Asakian
    • Jingpho
      • Jingpho [Kachin]: nat (spirit, ancestral spirit)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese: *na¹ (ill) (Weidert, 1987)
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: နာ (na, to be ill, to suffer pain), နတ် (nat, nat, spirit)
      • Loloish: *C-na¹ (ill) (Bradley, 1979)
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (na, hurt, pain, sore; illness)
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓠꓻ (, sore, sick, ill)

See also[edit]