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Possibly polygenetic. Proposed origins:
- For onomatopoiec meaning: From an expressive *čuti, *čьvati (“to bark, to wail”) + *-kъ, parallel to Proto-Slavic *čuxъ (“growl, sniffle”). Per Snoj, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kew- (“to wail, to shout”), akin to Lithuanian kaũkti (“to howl”), Latvian kàukt (“to yell, to howl”).
- For tool meaning: From Proto-Indo-European *kewh₂- (“to hew”), related to Proto-Slavic *kyjь (“hammer”).
- (onomatopoeic) knock, clatter, rumble
- hammer, mallet
Declension of *čukъ (hard o-stem)
- *čukati (“to knock, to throb”)
- East Slavic:
- South Slavic:
- Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1977) , “*čukъ”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 04, Moscow: Nauka, page 132