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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Per Derksen, the most plausible origin is Proto-Indo-European *gʰōd-, from the root *gʰed-, with cognates Ancient Greek χανδάνω (khandánō, to contain), Latin prehendō (to seize, to take), Old Norse geta (to get, to learn, to guess). Derksen also mentions the possibility, accepted by Vasmer, that this verb is linked with the synonymous Proto-Slavic verb *gatàti from Proto-Indo-European *gʷet- (to say, to speak), as in Gothic qiþan (qiþan), English quoth, possibly also Sanskrit गदति (gádati) (perhaps originating from a mixture of *gat- with वदति (vádati)). A third possibility mentioned by Derksen is a link with *goditi (to please), Latvian gadît (to happen to find). Derksen accepts Winter's law and thus must reconstruct a PIE root Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- for these words. Chernykh, however, who believes in the connection with these words, prefers to reconstruct *gʰed-, and links these words with Old Norse geta (see above), and perhaps as well as Latin prehendō (see above). Chernykh also adds as cognates dialectal Lithuanian godóti (to honor, to respect, to think, to believe), godẽlė (thought, guess), gùosti (to care), Latvian gãdât (to care).


*gādàti impf[1]

  1. to guess



Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*gādàti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 160: “v. ‘guess’”