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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *kálˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *kolh₂-, from the root *kelh₂-. Cognate with Lithuanian kálti (to strike (with a hammer or axe), to forge) (1sg. kalù), Latvian kal̃t (to beat, to forge) (1sg. kaļu), Lithuanian kùlti (to hit), Latvian kul̂t (to hit), Old Prussian preicalis (anvil), kalopeilis (hoe), Latin percellō (to overturn, to strike) (infinitive percellere, perfect perculī), Old Irish cellach (war), Ancient Greek κελεΐς (keleḯs, axe) (Hesychius), per Vasmer probably also Lithuanian skélti (to split).



  1. to stab, to sting


Related terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*kòlti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 230: “v. (b) ‘stab, sting’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “kolti: koljǫ koljetь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b (SA 203, 248-51; PR 136; MP 27)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “kláti”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*kőlti, sed. *kol'ǫ̋