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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative forms[edit]


(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)



  1. to want, to wish
  2. to be about to


This verb is found in two variants, with *xot- and *xъt-. The inflection probably contained both stems in alternation, possibly like *bьrati ~ beretь. However, the original distribution of the two stem alternants is unknown, so both are treated as separate lemmas.

Related terms[edit]


West Slavic and Bulgarian have generalized the stem *xъt-, while East Slavic has generalized *xot-. Slovene preserves both as independent verbs, but only the latter is standard and still widely used. Serbo-Croatian preserves both stems alternating within a single paradigm; possibly an archaism.

Further reading[edit]

  • Kortlandt, Frederik (1978) , “Towards a reconstruction of the Balto-Slavic verbal system”, in Lingua 49 (1979)[1]: “2. Slavic xoštǫ and PIE optative”