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From Middle English Sarisberie, from Old English Searesbyriġ, Searobyriġ, Searoburh, from searu (armor) via folk etymology + byriġ, burh (stronghold), partial translation of Latin Sorvioduni, Sorbiodoni, from *Sorvio-, *Sorbio- of unknown Celtic origin, possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *srew- (to flow) (compare Proto-Celtic *srutom (a stream)) + Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold).

Dissimilation of -r- to -l- is the result of influence from Salesbury in Lancashire, from sealh (willow) + burh (stronghold).


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsɒlz.bɹi, ˈsɔːlz-/

Proper noun[edit]


  1. A surname​.
  2. A city in Wiltshire, England.
  3. A town in Connecticut
  4. A town in Dominica
  5. A city in Maryland, USA, and the county seat of Wicomico County.
  6. A town and census-designated place in Massachusetts
  7. A city in Missouri
  8. A village in New Brunswick
  9. A town in New Hampshire
  10. A town in New York
  11. A city in North Carolina, and the county seat of Rowan County.
  12. A borough in Pennsylvania
  13. A city and suburb in South Australia
  14. A town in Vermont
  15. (historical) Former name of Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe (then Rhodesia)

Derived terms[edit]