From Middle High German strumpf, from Proto-Germanic *strumpaz (“stem, stalk”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sterh₁- (“to be stiff”). The semantic shift from "stalk, stump" to "leg clothing" came about as a result of a fashion development, where originally one-piece leg garments were separated into two parts, the trousers and the socks. The socks were interpreted as the "stump", i.e. the remainder of the leg garment. Related to stramm and strampeln.
- stocking; hose (women’s undergarment covering the foot, the lower leg, and part of the thigh)
- stocking (long sock covering the foot and the lower leg)
- (loosely) sock
- (sock): Socke
- → Central Franconian: Stromp