From Old High German wirt (“host”), from Proto-Germanic *werduz. Cognate with Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌳𐌿𐍃 (wairdus), Dutch waard, and Swedish värd. The sense “caretaker; someone responsible”, which is found in compounds, developed from the sense of “host; innkeeper” due to the latter's responsibilities for his guests. However, in many cases this use is based on a backformation from Wirtschaft (“economy”), particularly in academic titles like Betriebswirt, Volkswirt.
- pubkeeper; innkeeper
- (dated) host (someone who receives a guest)
- (biology) host (animal infested with a pest)
- (only in compounds) agent; caretaker; someone responsible or knowledgeable
- (who receives a guest): Gastgeber
Wirt m, f (genitive Wirts)
- A surname.
- ^ “Wirt” in: Friedrich Kluge, “Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache” , 22. Auflage, 1989, bearbeitet von Elmar Seebold, ISBN 3-11-006800-1
- Wirt in Duden online