absto

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ab ‎(from, away from) + stō ‎(stand; remain).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abstō ‎(present infinitive abstāre, perfect active abstitī); first conjugation, no passive

  1. (intransitive, usually used with longe) I stand off or at a distance from, stand aloof.

Inflection[edit]

Note that the third principal part, abstitī, can also be written as abstetī, with all of its subsequent verb forms written alike.

   Conjugation of absto (first conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abstō abstās abstat abstāmus abstātis abstant
imperfect abstābam abstābās abstābat abstābāmus abstābātis abstābant
future abstābō abstābis abstābit abstābimus abstābitis abstābunt
perfect abstitī abstitistī abstitit abstitimus abstitistis abstitērunt, abstitēre
pluperfect abstiteram abstiterās abstiterat abstiterāmus abstiterātis abstiterant
future perfect abstiterō abstiteris abstiterit abstiterimus abstiteritis abstiterint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abstem abstēs abstet abstēmus abstētis abstent
imperfect abstārem abstārēs abstāret abstārēmus abstārētis abstārent
perfect abstiterim abstiterīs abstiterit abstiterīmus abstiterītis abstiterint
pluperfect abstitissem abstitissēs abstitisset abstitissēmus abstitissētis abstitissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abstā abstāte
future abstātō abstātō abstātōte abstantō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives abstāre abstitisse
participles abstāns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
abstāre abstandī abstandō abstandum

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • absto” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.