Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search


The syllables nga, ngi, ngu in Hanunuo script, an abugida
English Wikipedia has an article on:


Coined 1990 by Peter T. Daniels by adapting Ge'ez አቡጊዳ (ʾäbugida, Ge'ez script) (based on the Hebrew alphabet order: א(alef), ב(bet), ג(gimel), ד(dalet) and traditional vowel order - see 1997 quotation below).



abugida (plural abugidas)

  1. (linguistics) A kind of syllabary (syllabic alphabet) in which a symbol or glyph representing a syllable contains parts representing a vowel and a consonant, typically such that symbols for different syllables are generated by adding, altering or removing the vowel portion, often by applying a diacritic to a stable consonant symbol.
    • 1997 [Routledge], Peter T. Daniels, 2: Scripts of Semitic Languages, Robert Hetzron (editor), The Semitic Languages, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2005, Transferred to Digital Printing, unnumbered page,
      For the scripts of the Semitic languages, five categories are needed: logography, syllabary, abjad, alphabet, and abugida. A sixth, featural script, appears when Arabic script is adapted to non-Semitic languages. [] (The English word "abugida" is borrowed from the Amharic term for the letters of the script when taken in the order known from the Ge'ez transliterations of the Hebrew letter names found in the superscriptions of the sections of Psalm 119, as used in the liturgy; it takes the first four consonants and the first four vowels in their traditional order of presentation.)
    • 2007, Unicode Consortium, The Unicode Standard 5.0, Addison-Wesley, page 200,
      In an abugida, each consonant carries an inherent vowel, usually /a/.
    • 2015, Patricia Donegan, 1: The Emergence of Phonological Representation, Brian MacWhinney, William O'Grady (editors, The Handbook of Language Emergence, John Wiley & Sons (Wiley Blackwell), page 39,
      The widespread use and easy learnability of alphabetic writing systems, the typical arrangement of syllabic or abugida phoneme classes (as with Japanese kana, or devanagari), rhyme and alliteration, folk naming of correlative phoneme sets (like the “hard” and “soft” consonant groups of Slavic languages), differential learning of L2 sounds that can and cannot be readily identified with an L1 phoneme (Best, McRoberts, and Sithole, Werker and Tees, 1984b; Best and Tyler, 2007) - all assure us that phonemic perception and representation are not merely a result of alphabetic writing.

Usage notes[edit]

Languages that use abugidas include Amharic, Hindi and Burmese, as well as Cree and Ojibwe (for which Canadian Aboriginal syllabics were introduced during the 19th century). For a list of abugidas see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg List of writing systems#Abugidas on Wikipedia.Wikipedia



Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]



abugida m (plural abugidas)

  1. abugida




abugida m (plural abugidi)

  1. abugida




abugida m (plural abugidas)

  1. (linguistics) abugida (writing system in which consonant-vowel sequences are written as a unit)