adagium

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A later variant of adā̆giō, ostensibly from ad- (toward, to) +‎ aiō (say), but due to sporadic attestation and the word-internal a might not be inherited and rather formed to adigō (drive, hurl, compel), from ad- (toward, to) +‎ agō (do, make). The word-internal a may be either by the same vowel harmony as in alacer, calamitās, segetis, or else means the vowel is long - c.f. indāgō, contāgiō/contāgēs,[1] as well as the fact that Varro associates it with ambāgiō, a variant of ambāgēs (circumlocution).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /aˈdaː.ɡi.um/, [aˈd̪aː.ɡi.ʊ̃ˑ] or IPA(key): /aˈda.ɡi.um/, [aˈd̪a.ɡi.ʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /aˈda.d͡ʒi.um/, [aˈd̪aː.d͡ʒi.um]
  • Note: the length of the vowel is unattested.

Noun[edit]

adā̆gium n (genitive adā̆giī or adā̆gī); second declension

  1. proverb, adage

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative adā̆gium adā̆gia
Genitive adā̆giī
adā̆gī1
adā̆giōrum
Dative adā̆giō adā̆giīs
Accusative adā̆gium adā̆gia
Ablative adā̆giō adā̆giīs
Vocative adā̆gium adā̆gia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: adage
  • French: adage
  • Italian: adagio
  • Portuguese: adágio
  • Spanish: adagio

References[edit]

References[edit]