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- (medicine, historical, usually postpositive, of a bodily humour) Abnormally dark or over-concentrated (associated with various states of discomfort or illness, specifically being too hot or dry). [from 15th c.]
- 1638, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], “Of the Matter of Melancholy”, in The Anatomy of Melancholy. […], 5th edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed [by Robert Young, Miles Flesher, and Leonard Lichfield and William Turner] for Henry Cripps, →OCLC, partition 1, section 1, member 3, subsection , page 34:
- From melancholy aduſt ariſes one kind [of humour]; from Choler another, which is moſt brutiſh: another from Flegme, which is dull; and the laſt from Blood, which is beſt.
- 1650, Thomas Browne, “A Digression Concerning Blacknesse”, in Pseudodoxia Epidemica: […], 2nd edition, London: […] A[braham] Miller, for Edw[ard] Dod and Nath[aniel] Ekins, […], →OCLC, 6th book, page 283:
- [S]o in fevers and hot diſtempers from choler aduſt is cauſed a blackneſſe in our tongues, teeth and excretions: […]
- (by extension) Hot and dry; thirsty or parched.
- (archaic) Burnt or having a scorched colour. [from 15th c.]