Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From Middle French aduste, and its source, Latin adūstus (burnt, scorched), past participle of adūrere.




  1. (medicine, historical, usually postpositive, of a bodily humour) Abnormally dark or over-concentrated; associated with various states of discomfort or illness (specifically being too hot or dry). [from 15th c.]
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970, (please specify |partition=1, 2, or 3):
      , I.1:
      But, Wecker says, from melancholy adust arises one kind; from choler another, which is most brutish; from phlegm another, which is dull; and from blood another, which is the best.
    • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, VI.12:
      [] so in fevers and hot distempers from choler adust is caused a blackness in our tongues, teeth and excretions  [] .
  2. (by extension) Hot and dry; thirsty or parched.
    • 1863, George Eliot, Romola, Volume II, Book III, Chapter XXV, page 307
      He was tired and adust with long riding; but he did not go home.
  3. (now rare) Burnt or having a scorched color. [from 15th c.]

Derived terms[edit]