arian

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See also: Arian and -arian

Old English

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-West Germanic *aiʀēn, from Proto-Germanic *aizāną (to spare; protect; honour); equivalent to ār (honour) +‎ -ian.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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ārian

  1. to show mercy to, spare
    • Nænegum arað leode Deniga ac he lust wigeð, swefeð ond sændeþ.
      He spares none of the Danish people, but carries on his delight, slaying and dispatching.
      (Beowulf ll. 598-600)

Conjugation

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Descendants

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  • Middle English: oren, aren; arenn (Ormulum)

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French aryen.

Adjective

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arian m or n (feminine singular ariană, masculine plural arieni, feminine and neuter plural ariene)

  1. Aryan

Declension

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Swedish

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Noun

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arian

  1. definite singular of aria

Welsh

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Welsh Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cy
Chemical element
Ag
Previous: paladiwm (Pd)
Next: cadmiwm (Cd)
Pot coffi arian
Arian

Etymology

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From Middle Welsh ariant, from Old Welsh argant, from Proto-Brythonic *arɣant, from Proto-Celtic *argantom (silver), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ- (white; shine). Compare Breton arc'hant, Irish airgead and Latin argentum.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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arian m (usually uncountable, plural ariannau or ariannoedd)

  1. silver, argent
  2. money
    Synonym: pres

Derived terms

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Adjective

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arian (feminine singular arian, plural arian, not comparable)

  1. silver, silvern (made of silver)
  2. silver, silvery (in colour)
  3. (figurative) silvery

Synonyms

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Mutation

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Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
arian unchanged unchanged harian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

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  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “arian”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies