arian

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See also: Arian and -arian

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-West Germanic *aiʀēn, from Proto-Germanic *aizāną (to spare; protect; honour); equivalent to ār (honour) +‎ -ian.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ārian

  1. to show mercy to, spare
    Nænegum arað leode Deniga ac he lust wigeð, swefeð ond sændeþ.
    He spares none of the Danish people, but carries on his delight, slaying and dispatching.
    (Beowulf ll. 598-600)

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: oren, aren; arenn

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French aryen.

Adjective[edit]

arian m or n (feminine singular ariană, masculine plural arieni, feminine and neuter plural ariene)

  1. Aryan

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

arian

  1. definite singular of aria.

Welsh[edit]

Welsh Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cy
Chemical element
Ag
Previous: paladiwm (Pd)
Next: cadmiwm (Cd)
Pot coffi arian
Arian

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh ariant, from Old Welsh argant, from Proto-Brythonic *arɣant, from Proto-Celtic *argantom (silver), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ- (white; shine). Compare Breton arc'hant, Irish airgead and Latin argentum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arian m (usually uncountable, plural ariannau or ariannoedd)

  1. silver, argent
  2. money
    Synonym: pres

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

arian (feminine singular arian, plural arian, not comparable)

  1. silver, silvern (made of silver)
  2. silver, silvery (in colour)
  3. (figuratively) silvery

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
arian unchanged unchanged harian
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “arian”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies