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(index ar)


From aristaa +‎ -ella.


  • Hyphenation: a‧ris‧tel‧la
  • IPA(key): [ˈɑristelːɑ(ʔ)]



  1. (transitive, + partitive) to be very careful with, handle very carefully (in a continuous manner).
  2. aristella silmiänsä: to be careful with one's eyes (e.g. to protect them from sunlight etc.).
  3. (intransitive) to be shy, be bashful, be timid

Usage notes[edit]

  • (to be shy/timid/bashful) Aristaa and aristella, which is a frequentative derived from aristaa, are very close in meaning and they can quite freely be used as synonyms, although aristaa tends to refer to the lasting feature of timidity and aristella tends to refer to a single moment where someone is shy.


Inflection of aristella (Kotus type 67/tulla, no gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. aristelen en aristele 1st sing. olen aristellut en ole aristellut
2nd sing. aristelet et aristele 2nd sing. olet aristellut et ole aristellut
3rd sing. aristelee ei aristele 3rd sing. on aristellut ei ole aristellut
1st plur. aristelemme emme aristele 1st plur. olemme aristelleet emme ole aristelleet
2nd plur. aristelette ette aristele 2nd plur. olette aristelleet ette ole aristelleet
3rd plur. aristelevat eivät aristele 3rd plur. ovat aristelleet eivät ole aristelleet
passive aristellaan ei aristella passive on aristeltu ei ole aristeltu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. aristelin en aristellut 1st sing. olin aristellut en ollut aristellut
2nd sing. aristelit et aristellut 2nd sing. olit aristellut et ollut aristellut
3rd sing. aristeli ei aristellut 3rd sing. oli aristellut ei ollut aristellut
1st plur. aristelimme emme aristelleet 1st plur. olimme aristelleet emme olleet aristelleet
2nd plur. aristelitte ette aristelleet 2nd plur. olitte aristelleet ette olleet aristelleet
3rd plur. aristelivat eivät aristelleet 3rd plur. olivat aristelleet eivät olleet aristelleet
passive aristeltiin ei aristeltu passive oli aristeltu ei ollut aristeltu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. aristelisin en aristelisi 1st sing. olisin aristellut en olisi aristellut
2nd sing. aristelisit et aristelisi 2nd sing. olisit aristellut et olisi aristellut
3rd sing. aristelisi ei aristelisi 3rd sing. olisi aristellut ei olisi aristellut
1st plur. aristelisimme emme aristelisi 1st plur. olisimme aristelleet emme olisi aristelleet
2nd plur. aristelisitte ette aristelisi 2nd plur. olisitte aristelleet ette olisi aristelleet
3rd plur. aristelisivat eivät aristelisi 3rd plur. olisivat aristelleet eivät olisi aristelleet
passive aristeltaisiin ei aristeltaisi passive olisi aristeltu ei olisi aristeltu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. aristele älä aristele 2nd sing. ole aristellut älä ole aristellut
3rd sing. aristelkoon älköön aristelko 3rd sing. olkoon aristellut älköön olko aristellut
1st plur. aristelkaamme älkäämme aristelko 1st plur. olkaamme aristelleet älkäämme olko aristelleet
2nd plur. aristelkaa älkää aristelko 2nd plur. olkaa aristelleet älkää olko aristelleet
3rd plur. aristelkoot älkööt aristelko 3rd plur. olkoot aristelleet älkööt olko aristelleet
passive aristeltakoon älköön aristeltako passive olkoon aristeltu älköön olko aristeltu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. aristellen en aristelle 1st sing. lienen aristellut en liene aristellut
2nd sing. aristellet et aristelle 2nd sing. lienet aristellut et liene aristellut
3rd sing. aristellee ei aristelle 3rd sing. lienee aristellut ei liene aristellut
1st plur. aristellemme emme aristelle 1st plur. lienemme aristelleet emme liene aristelleet
2nd plur. aristellette ette aristelle 2nd plur. lienette aristelleet ette liene aristelleet
3rd plur. aristellevat eivät aristelle 3rd plur. lienevät aristelleet eivät liene aristelleet
passive aristeltaneen ei aristeltane passive lienee aristeltu ei liene aristeltu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st aristella present aristeleva aristeltava
long 1st2 aristellakseen past aristellut aristeltu
2nd inessive1 aristellessa aristeltaessa agent1, 3 aristelema
instructive aristellen negative aristelematon
3rd inessive aristelemassa 1) Usually with a possessive suffix.

2) Used only with a possessive suffix; this is the form for the third-person singular and third-person plural.
3) Does not exist in the case of intransitive verbs. Do not confuse with nouns formed with the -ma suffix.

elative aristelemasta
illative aristelemaan
adessive aristelemalla
abessive aristelematta
instructive aristeleman aristeltaman
4th nominative aristeleminen
partitive aristelemista
5th2 aristelemaisillaan