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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Irish aithrigid (to change, alter, move), from Old Irish ad·eirrig (to repeat, reiterate; change), from ath- + ar- + Proto-Celtic *regeti (whence also Old Irish at·reig, Irish éirigh), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- (to straighten). Cognate with Scottish Gaelic atharraich and Manx arree.

Alternative forms[edit]


athraigh (present analytic athraíonn, future analytic athróidh, verbal noun athrú, past participle athraithe)

  1. (intransitive) change, vary
    Is mór atá sé athraithe ó chonaic mé go deireanach é.
    He has changed a lot since the last time I saw him.
    Tá an ghaoth athraithe. / D’athraigh an ghaoth.
    The wind has changed.
  2. (transitive) change, alter
    Bhí sé d’intinn aige a dhul go Meireacá, ach b’fhéidir gur athraigh sé a intinn.
    He was intending to go to America, but maybe he changed his mind.
  3. (transitive, intransitive) move
  4. (transitive, mathematics) reduce

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.


athraigh m

  1. genitive singular of athrach


Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
athraigh n-athraigh hathraigh not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 50