From Middle English barnakille, from earlier bernake, bernekke, from Old Northern French bernaque (“barnacle”) (compare French barnache), from Medieval Latin barneca (“limpet”), from Gaulish (compare Welsh brennig, Irish báirneac), from Proto-Celtic *barinākos, from *barinā (“rock, rocky ground”) (compare Old Irish barenn (“boulder”)), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷr̥H- (“hill, mountain”) + Proto-Celtic *-ākos, from Proto-Indo-European *-kos, *-ḱos; for sense development, compare Ancient Greek λέπας (lépas, “rock”) which gave λεπάς (lepás, “limpet”).
barnacle (plural barnacles)
- A marine crustacean of the subclass Cirripedia that attaches itself to submerged surfaces such as tidal rocks or the bottoms of ships.
- The barnacle goose.
- (engineering, slang) In electrical engineering, a change made to a product on the manufacturing floor that was not part of the original product design.
- (computing, slang) On printed circuit boards, a change such as soldering a wire in order to connect two points, or addition such as an added resistor or capacitor, subassembly or daughterboard.
- (obsolete) An instrument like a pair of pincers, to fix on the nose of a vicious horse while shoeing so as to make it more tractable.
- (archaic, Britain) A nickname for spectacles.
- (slang, obsolete) A good job, or snack easily obtained.
engineering: change made on the manufacturing floor
computing: on printed circuit boards, a change
instrument to fix on the nose of a vicious horse
slang: good job, or snack easily obtained
Terms derived from barnacle
barnacle (third-person singular simple present barnacles, present participle barnacling, simple past and past participle barnacled)
- To connect with or attach.
- 2009, Liza Dalby, Hidden Buddhas: A Novel of Karma and Chaos, Stone Bridge Press (2009), ISBN 9781933330853, page 178:
- Tokuda went over everything his grandfather had taught him, including the commentary that had barnacled on to the core knowledge.
- To press close against something.
- 2002, Douglas Coupland, All Families Are Psychotic, Vintage Canada (2002), ISBN 0679311831, page 16:
- He turned a corner to where he supposed the cupboard might be, to find Howie and Alanna barnacled together in an embrace.