billig

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Billig

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -i

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

billig

  1. cheap
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of billig
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular billig billigere billigst2
Neuter singular billigt billigere billigst2
Plural billige billigere billigst2
Definite attributive1 billige billigere billigste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

billig

  1. imperative of billige

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German billīh (appropriate), from Proto-Germanic *biliz (merciful, kind, decent, fair).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (northern Germany, standard Theaterdeutsch) IPA(key): [ˈbɪlɪç]
  • (Upper German) IPA(key): [ˈbɪlɪkʰ]
  • (file)
    ,
    (file)
    ,
    (file)
  • Hyphenation: bil‧lig

Adjective[edit]

billig (comparative billiger, superlative am billigsten)

  1. (formal) appropriate, meet, fair
    Die Strafe ist billig und recht.
    The punishment is appropriate and just.
  2. (informal) cheap (low-priced)
    In Deutschland sind Lebensmittel billiger als in andern europäischen Ländern.
    In Germany, groceries are cheaper than in other European countries.
    Synonyms: wohlfeil, günstig, preisgünstig, kostengünstig, niedrigpreisig, preiswert
    Antonyms: teuer, hochpreisig
  3. (low colloquial) cheap (of low quality, mediocre)
    Das Vorgehen der Regierung ist ein billiges Ablenkungsmanöver.
    The government's course of action is a cheap diversionary tactic.
    Antonyms: edel, hochwertig

Usage notes[edit]

The meaning “low-priced” only arises in the end of the 18th century and has been very colloquial and frowned upon until the end of the 19th century, the negative meaning having to arise even later after this word has attained domination in expressing the sense of cheapness in German. This word in the sense “cheap” is still known to be slightly colloquial, so, in formal speech, and because of its multiple senses, like günstig it is avoided in favour of circumscriptions or ungainly adjectives like preisgünstig and niedrigpreisig. Actually, in legal writing the original meaning is the expected one. The classical word for “cheap” is wohlfeil, the use of which now is restricted to chosen style.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • billig” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • billig in Duden online

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German billich

Adjective[edit]

billig (neuter singular billig, definite singular and plural billige, comparative billigere, indefinite plural billigst, definite plural billigste)

  1. cheap, inexpensive

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German billich

Adjective[edit]

billig (neuter singular billig, definite singular and plural billige, comparative billigare, indefinite plural billigast, definite plural billigaste)

  1. alternative form of billeg

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German billik, billich.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

billig (comparative billigare, superlative billigast)

  1. cheap; of low price, of little worth
  2. cheap, easy; requiring little effort
  3. (dated) reasonable, fair
    en billig begäran
    a reasonable request
    det är rätt och billigt
    that is fair and square

Declension[edit]

Inflection of billig
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular billig billigare billigast
Neuter singular billigt billigare billigast
Plural billiga billigare billigast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 billige billigare billigaste
All billiga billigare billigaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]