brûler

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See also: bruler

French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • bruler (1990 reform spelling)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French brusler “to burn” from Old French brusler, bruller (to burn), a conflation of bruir (to burn) (from Frankish *brōjan (to burn, scald), from Proto-Germanic *brōaną “to scald”, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerw-, *bhrew- “to boil, seethe”), and usler (to scorch), from Latin ustulāre (to scorch). Compare also Italian bruciare, from a Vulgar Latin form *brusiāre, which is probably related, as well as brustolare. The initial -br- has had other origins proposed, such as from a Gaulish source, or from a corruption of a form *combustulāre, from a change of prefix of ambustulāre, influenced by combustus. Akin to German brühen (to scald), Dutch broeien (to heat). More at broil, brew.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

brûler

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to burn
    La maison des voisins a brûlé.
    The neighbors' house has burnt down.
    Ils sont en train de brûler un tas de feuilles mortes.
    They are burning a heap of leaves.
  2. (reflexive) to burn oneself
    Je me suis brûlé avec une ampoule.
    I burnt myself on a light bulb.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French brusler (to burn).

Verb[edit]

brûler (gerund brûl'lie)

  1. (Jersey) to burn