cáin

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See also: cain, Cain, caín, Caín, Caïn, càin, and Cáin

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cáin ‎(law, rule, fine, tax, tribute). The verb is from Old Irish cáinid ‎(revile, rail at, reproach), from the noun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cáin f ‎(genitive singular cánach, nominative plural cánacha)

  1. tax, taxation
  2. law, rule, regulation, set of laws or rules or regulations

Declension[edit]

  • Alternative genitive singular: cána

Verb[edit]

cáin ‎(present analytic cáineann, future analytic cáinfidh, verbal noun cáineadh, past participle cáinte)

  1. to fine (issue a fine as punishment)
  2. to criticise

Conjugation[edit]

Alternative conjugation:

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cáin cháin gcáin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • cáin” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • cáinid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “cáin” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "cáin" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cáin f

  1. law (system, set of regulations), regulation, rule
  2. legal due, fine, tax, tribute

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • cáin” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.