canaigre

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A canaigre (Rumex hymenosepalus; sense 1) in Red Rock Canyon, Nevada, USA.

Possibly from Mexican Spanish canaigre, cañagre, cañaigre, variants of cañagria, from caña agria (canaigre, literally sour cane), from caña (cane; reed) (ultimately from Sumerian 𒄀𒈾 (gi.na)) + agria (feminine singular of agrio (sour), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- (sharp)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

canaigre (uncountable)

  1. (US) Rumex hymenosepalus, a species of dock native to southwestern North America with edible red stems and taproots containing tannin. [from mid 19th c.]
    Synonyms: tanner's dock, wild rhubarb
    • 1882, Report of Dona Ana County, New Mexico Bureau of Immigration, OCLC 54485815, page 9:
      The Commissioner of Agriculture, in his report for 1878, speaking of this plant, says : “The examination of the canaigre, for tannin, shows the existence of a very abundant source of this important material, and gives reason for the belief that the latter at least may soon afford a cheap supply to the arts.
    • 1895, “Concerning Canaigre”, in The Deseret Weekly, volume 51, page 675:
      Considerable attention is being paid by the press to canaigre as a plant, the cultivation of which may become profitable in this State, and it seems probable that it may become one of the valuable minor industries.
    • 2012, Steven Foster, Tyler’s Honest Herbal: A Sensible Guide to the Use of Herbs and Related Remedies:
      Canaigre, the root of Rumex hymenosepalus Torr., was marketed in the late 1970s under such coined names of modern vintage as wild red American ginseng and wild red desert ginseng.
  2. (US) Tannin-containing matter obtained from the taproots of the plant.

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Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

canaigre m (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) canaigre
    Synonym: caña agria
    • 1894, “Un Nuevo Tanino”, in Boletin de agricultura, minería é industrias, number 1-3, page 189:
      En el informe en cuestión se da un cuadro que demuestra que el canaigre de uno ó dos años era riquísimo en tal material, en muestras procedentes de las tierras margosas de Florencia, de las arenosas de la propia comarca y de las arenosas de las riberas del río de la Sal.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1919, La Hacienda, volume 15:
      Canaigre es el nombre comercial de la raíz de una especie debardana amarilla, conocida por los botánicos como Rumex Hymenosepalus, una planta perenne, o hierba, llamada ruibarbo silvestre.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1920 May, El ingeniero y contratista: Revista dedicada exclusivamente a mequinaria y asuntos de ingenieria, OCLC 875211694, page 33:
      El tanino rara vez se usa solo; generalmente se mezcla con carbonato, hidrato o silicato sódico. El tanino se obtiene de una gran variedad de fuentes, entre las cuales figuran las cortezas de pinabete y roble, el quebracho, el canaigre, la raiz de palmito, el zumaque y el dividivi.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

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