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  1. first-person singular present indicative of cingere




From Proto-Indo-European *kenk-.



cingō (present infinitive cingere, perfect active cinxī, supine cinctum); third conjugation

  1. I surround, circle, ring.
  2. I gird on; I crown or garland


   Conjugation of cingo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cingō cingis cingit cingimus cingitis cingunt
imperfect cingēbam cingēbās cingēbat cingēbāmus cingēbātis cingēbant
future cingam cingēs cinget cingēmus cingētis cingent
perfect cinxī cinxistī cinxit cinximus cinxistis cinxērunt, cinxēre
pluperfect cinxeram cinxerās cinxerat cinxerāmus cinxerātis cinxerant
future perfect cinxerō cinxeris cinxerit cinxerimus cinxeritis cinxerint
passive present cingor cingeris, cingere cingitur cingimur cingiminī cinguntur
imperfect cingēbar cingēbāris, cingēbāre cingēbātur cingēbāmur cingēbāminī cingēbantur
future cingar cingēris, cingēre cingētur cingēmur cingēminī cingentur
perfect cinctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect cinctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect cinctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cingam cingās cingat cingāmus cingātis cingant
imperfect cingerem cingerēs cingeret cingerēmus cingerētis cingerent
perfect cinxerim cinxerīs cinxerit cinxerimus cinxeritis cinxerint
pluperfect cinxissem cinxissēs cinxisset cinxissēmus cinxissētis cinxissent
passive present cingar cingāris, cingāre cingātur cingāmur cingāminī cingantur
imperfect cingerer cingerēris, cingerēre cingerētur cingerēmur cingerēminī cingerentur
perfect cinctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect cinctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cinge cingite
future cingitō cingitō cingitōte cinguntō
passive present cingere cingiminī
future cingitor cingitor cinguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cingere cinxisse cinctūrus esse cingī cinctus esse cinctum īrī
participles cingēns cinctūrus cinctus cingendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
cingere cingendī cingendō cingendum cinctum cinctū

Derived terms[edit]



  • cingo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cingo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cingo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to surround a town with a rampart and fosse: oppidum cingere vallo et fossa
    • to be surrounded by the superior force of the enemy: multitudine hostium cingi