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From Ancient Greek κόκκος (kókkos, grain, seed, berry).



coccum n (genitive coccī); second declension

  1. a scarlet berry of various plants
  2. a gall of various trees
  3. the insect, Coccus ilicis, used for producing dye
  4. a scarlet dye, or the cloth dyed with it, carmine


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative coccum cocca
Genitive coccī coccōrum
Dative coccō coccīs
Accusative coccum cocca
Ablative coccō coccīs
Vocative coccum cocca

Derived terms[edit]


  • Eastern Romance:
    • Aromanian: cocã, coacã
  • Italian: cocco
  • Old French:
  • Old Occitan:
  • Old Portuguese:
  • Sicilian: cocciu
  • Albanian: kokë
  • Proto-Brythonic: *kox
  • English: coccus
  • French: coccus
  • Finnish: kokki
  • Georgian: კოკი (ḳoḳi)
  • German: Kokke
  • Russian: кокк (kokk)
  • Vulgar Latin: *cocceus
    • Albanian: kuq


  • coccum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • coccum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • coccum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • coccum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette