extroversion

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See also: extroversión

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From extrovert +‎ -sion, a variant of extraversion popularized in psychology by Phyllis Blanchard's use of the variant (then nonstandard) spelling extrovert in her 1918 "Psycho-Analytic Study of August Comte".

Noun[edit]

extroversion (usually uncountable, plural extroversions)

  1. The state or quality of being extroverted or an extrovert, particularly:
    1. (religion, obsolete) Consideration of the material world as an aid to spiritual insight.
      • 1656, Thomas Blount, Glossographia, s.v. "Extroversion":
        in mystical Divinity... a scattering or distracting ones thoughts upon exterior objects.
      • 1788, John Wesley, Works, Vol. VI, p. 451:
        The turning of the eye of the mind from [Christ] to outward things [mystics] call Extroversion.
    2. (medicine) The condition of being inside out, especially in relation to the bladder.
      • 1835, Robert Bentley Todd, ed., The Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology, Vol. I, p. 391:
        In extroversion of the bladder the anterior part of this organ is more or less completely wanting.
    3. (informal psychology) A personality orientation towards others and things outside oneself; behavior expressing such orientation.
      • 1920, Arthur George Tansley, The New Psychology and Its Relation to Life, p. 88:
        Extroversion is the thrusting out of the mind on to life, the use of the mind in practical affairs, the pouring out of the libido on external objects.
      • 1999, Ben Brantley, "‘The Dead’: a Musical That Dares to be Quiet," New York Times, 29 Oct.:
        In a genre characterized by brassy extroversion, The Dead is a quiet revolutionary: a musical that dares to be diffident.
Usage notes[edit]

Technical papers in psychology overwhelmingly prefer the form extraversion used by Carl Jung, although the variant extroversion is more common in general use.

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